Distinguished Professor Belinda Medlyn (Theme Leader - Ecosystem Function and Integration)

I have an Honours degree in Applied Mathematics from University of Adelaide. After graduating I went to work for a merchant bank and didn't take to it at all.

Then I heard a seminar by Hugh Possingham on mathematical ecology. As a keen outdoors type, I was fascinated by the idea that one could apply mathematics to the outdoors.

I went back to university and obtained a PhD in theoretical biology from University of NSW. I then spent four years as a post-doc in Europe, where I was privileged to work closely with a number of experimentalists who taught me how to interpret data.

On my return to Australia I married, had two children, and worked part-time for several years. I'm now full-time again and am enjoying leading a productive research group.

With collaborators around the world, beautiful forests to work in, and a number of challenging research problems to work on, I have never regretted leaving finance!

Please visit CAFE M - Climate and Forest Ecosystem Modelling Group (opens in a new window)

Areas of research/teaching expertise

My research focuses on how plants, especially forests, respond to increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide and climate change. I work at the interface between experiments and models: my aim is to develop evidence-based models of how ecosystem productivity, water use and species composition will be affected by global change, and to do so I work closely with a number of experimental teams world-wide to test and improve ecosystem models.

Bushfire Research

Our research also includes the role of fire and its effects on global change. Please, see here (opens in a new window) for further details on our bushfire research.

Awards and Recognition

  • Belinda Medlyn was named on Clarivate’s Highly Cited (HiCis) Researcher’s list for 2018, 2019, 2020 and 2021
  • Distinguished Professor Belinda Medlyn was elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society of NSW
  • Distinguished Professor Belinda Medlyn won the Excellence in Research (Researcher of the Year) Award at the 2019 University Awards
  • Professor Belinda Medlyn was recognised by the University as Distinguished Professor, 2019
  • Professor Belinda Medlyn was awarded the 2019 ARC Georgina Sweet Laureate Fellowship

Grants / Current Projects

Understanding the confluence of Eucalyptus dieback and koala habitat in NSW - Stage 1 
Co-Researchers: Rachael Nolan, Brendan Choat, Ben Moore, Rachael Gallagher, Matthias Boer
Partner/Funding Body: NSW Department of Planning and Environment
Period: 2023-2024

Understanding the confluence of Eucalyptus dieback and koala habitat in NSW - literature review 
Co-Researchers: Rachael Nolan, Brendan Choat, Ben Moore, Belinda Medlyn, Matthias Boer
Partner/Funding Body: NSW Department of Planning and Environment
Period: 2023-2024

The causes and consequences of plant biodiversity across scales in a rapidly changing world

Partner/Funding Body: National Science Foundation [via University of Minnesota]
Period: 2022

NSW Bushfire and Natural Hazards Research Centre

Co-researchers: Matthias Boer, Rachael Gallagher, Rachael Nolan, Ben Smith
Partner/funding body: NSW Department of Planning and Environment
Period: 2022-2026

NSW Decarbonisation Innovation Hub 
Co-Researchers: Benjamin Smith, Brajesh and Mark Tjoelker
Partner/Funding Body: NSW Office of the Chief Scientist and Engineer/NSW Environmental Trust (via UNSW)
Period: 2022-2030

Predicting vegetation dynamics in Australia's arid zone
Co-Researchers: Rachael Nolan and Brendan Choat
Partner/Funding Body: Bush Heritage Australia and Arid Recovery
Period: 2022-2024

Lianas in a CO2-rich world
Co-Researchers: Matthias Boer and Rachael Gallagher
Partner/Funding Body: The Royal Society [via University of Nottingham]
Period: 2022

Impacts of drought stress on bushfire risk
Co-Researchers: Rachael Nolan, Matthias Boer, Brendan Choat and Anne Griebel
Partner/Funding Body: Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources and RedEye Consulting
Period: 2021-2022

The Regreening of the Blue Mountains: Using Citizen Science to Study Post-Fire Recovery in the Blue Mountains
Partner/Funding Body: NSW Department of Planning, Industry and Environment
Period: 2021-2022

Determining the physiological underpinnings of eucalypt dieback in NSW
Co-Researchers: Brendan Choat, Matthias Boer, Sebastian Pfautsch, Rachael Nolan, David Tissue, Paul Rymer and Mark Tjoelker
Partner/Funding Body: NSW Environmental Trust
Period: 2021-2024

The influence of climate change on bushfire fuels in Victoria
Co-Researchers: Mingkai Jiang, Ben Smith, Rachael Nolan, Matthias Boer and Assaf Inbar
Partner/Funding Body: Country Fire Authority
Period: 2021-2024

Tumbarumba flux tower consultancy
Co-Researchers: Ben Smith
Partner/Funding Body: Mullion Group
Period: 2020

Quantifying forest mortality after record-breaking drought and unprecedented wildfire in Eastern Australia
Co-Researchers: Rachael Nolan, Brendan Choat, Matthias Boer and Anne Griebel
Partner/Funding Body: Hermon Slade Foundation
Period: 2020-2022

Report on the impact of drought on tree health and consequences for storm damage
Co-Researcher: Brendan Choat
Partner/Funding Body: AUSGRID
Period: 2020

Forecasting live fuel moisture content, the on/off switch for forest fire
Co-Researchers: Rachael Nolan, Matthias Boer and Brendan Choat
Partner/Funding Body: Australian Research Council Linkage grant
Period: 2020-2023

A unified dynamic vegetation model for Australia
Partner/Funding Body: Australian Research Council – Georgina Sweet Laureate Fellowship
Period: 2020-2024

Quantifying adaptive capacity to climate change through a multi-faceted approach: habitat suitability, functional traits, physiological tolerance and genetic adaptation
Co-Researchers: Paul Rymer, David Tissue and Brendan Choat (Beaumont, Gallagher, Rossetto, Bragg, Tierney, Auld, Denham, Tozer)
Partner/Funding Body: NSW Office of Environment and Heritage
Period: 2018-2021

Burning for a healthy future: people and their environment. Founding partner of NSW Bushfire Risk Management Research Hub
Co-Researchers: Brendan Choat, Matthias Boer, Mark Tjoelker, Elise Pendall, Ross Bradstock, David Bowman, David Keith (Clarke, Dosseto, Johnston, Jenkins, Nolan, Price, Murphy, Ooi, Whittaker, Williamson)
Partner/Funding Body: NSW Department of Environment and Heritage
Period: 2018-2022

Brown is the new green: grassland responses to drought and heat
Co-Researchers: Sally Power, David Tissue and Elise Pendall
Partner/Funding Body: Australian Research Council Discovery
Period: 2018-2020

To grow or to store: Do plants hedge their bets?Co-Researcher: Remko Duursma
Partner/Funding Body: Australian Research Council Discovery
Period: 2016-2018

Identifying regions of high drought mortality risk for tree species in NSW
Co-Researchers: David Tissue, Mark Tjoelker, Paul Rymer and Remko Duursma
Partner/Funding Body: Australian Research Council Discovery
Period: 2015-2017

Accurate and early yield predictions through advanced statistical modelling
Co-Researchers: van Sluyter
Partner/Funding Body: Grapes and Wine Research and Development Corporation
Period: 2014-2017

Modeling to accompany stakeholders towards adaptation of forestry and agroforestry systems to climate changes
Co-Researchers: Roupsard, Laclau, Nouvellon, Le Maire, Rapidel, Subervia, Loustau, Bosc, Trichet, Domec, Avelino, Duursma, Imbach, Maris, Garcia, Barrichelo
Partner/Funding Body: Agence Nationale de la Recherche (France)
Period: 2014-2017

Building better climate change vegetation models: How do leaves allocate nitrogen among photosynthesis and stress proteins in future climate scenarios?Co-Researchers: Westoby, Haynes, Tissue, Wang
Partner/Funding Body: Australian Government – Science and Industry Endowment Fund
Period: 2013-2014

Model-Data Synthesis of Terrestrial Responses to Elevated CO2Partner/Funding Body: US Department of Energy
Period: 2013-2014

Trading water for carbon: a synthesis of plant water-use efficiency from leaf to globe
Co-Researchers: Colin Prentice, Remko Duursma and Almut Arneth
Partner/Funding Body: Australian Research Council Discovery
Period: 2012-2014

The Hawkesbury Forest Experiment: providing the missing information for decision support systems to manage forests under rising CO2 and global warmingCo-Researchers: David Ellsworth, David Tissue, Mark Adams, Ian Anderson, Owen Atkin, Craig Barton, John Cairney, Derek Eamus, Sune Linder, Belinda Medlyn, Markus Riegler and Brajesh Singh
Partner/Funding Body: Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry
Period: 2010-2012

Elevated CO2 effects on vegetation: repairing the disconnect between experiments and models
Co-Researchers: Michelle Leishman, Sune Linder, Rich Norby and Ram Oren
Partner/Funding Body: Australian Research Council Discovery
Period: 2010-2012

Forest ecosystem water use: does species diversity matter? Co-Researchers: Ellsworth, Drewry, Morris
Partner/Funding Body: Australian Research Council Linkage
Period: 2009-2012

Selected publications

Gardner A, Jiang MK, Ellsworth DS, MacKenzie AR, Pritchard J, Bader MKF, Barton CVM, Bernacchi C, Calfapietra C, Crous KY, Dusenge ME, Gimeno TE, Hall M, Lamba S, Leuzinger S, Uddling J, Warren J, Wallin G, Medlyn BE, (2023) 'Optimal stomatal theory predicts CO2 responses of stomatal conductance in both gymnosperm and angiosperm trees', New Phytologist, vol.237, no.4, pp 1229-1241

Griebel A, Boer MM, Blackman C, Choat B, Ellsworth DS, Madden P, Medlyn B, Resco de Dios V, Wujeska-Klause A, Yebra M, Younes Cardenas N, Nolan RH, (2023) 'Specific leaf area and vapour pressure deficit control live fuel moisture content', Functional Ecology, vol.37, no.3, pp 719 - 731

Jiao T, Williams CA, De Kauwe MG, Medlyn BE, (2023) 'Limited Evidence of Cumulative Effects From Recurrent Droughts in Vegetation Responses to Australia's Millennium Drought', Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, vol.128, no.5, Article no.e2022JG006818

Khanal S, Nolan RH, Medlyn BE, Boer MM, (2023) 'Mapping soil organic carbon stocks in Nepal's forests', Scientific reports, vol.13, no.1, p 8090

Marchin RM, Medlyn BE, Tjoelker MG, Ellsworth DS, (2023) 'Decoupling between stomatal conductance and photosynthesis occurs under extreme heat in broadleaf tree species regardless of water access', Global Change Biology, vol.29, no.22, pp 6319-6335

Stephens CM, Band LE, Johnson FM, Marshall LA, Medlyn BE, De Kauwe MG, Ukkola AM, (2023) 'Changes in Blue/Green Water Partitioning Under Severe Drought', Water Resources Research, vol.59, no.11, Article no.e2022WR033449

Yang J, Medlyn BE, Barton CVM, Churchill AC, De Kauwe MG, Jiang M, Krishnananthaselvan A, Tissue DT, Pendall E, Power SA, (2023) 'Green-up and brown-down: Modelling grassland foliage phenology responses to soil moisture availability', Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol.328, Article no.109252

Beringer J, Moore CE, Cleverly J, Campbell DI, Cleigh H, De Kauwe MG, Kirschbaum MUF, Griebel A, Grover S, Huete A, Hutley LB, Laubach J, Van Niel T, Arndt SK, Bennett AC, Cernusak LA, Eamus D, Ewenz CM, Goodrich JP, Jiang M, Hinko-Najera N, Isaac P, Hobeichi S, Knauer J, Koerber GR, Liddell M, Ma X, Macfarlane C, McHugh ID, Medlyn BE, Meyer WS, Norton AJ, Owens J, Pitman A, Pendall E, Prober SM, Ray RL, Restrepo-Coupe N, Rifai SW, Rowlings D, Schipper L, Silberstein RP, Teckentrup L, Thompson SE, Ukkola AM, Wall A, Wang Y-P, Wardlaw TJ, Woodgate W, (2022) 'Bridge to the future: Important lessons from 20 years of ecosystem observations made by the OzFlux network', Global Change Biology, vol.28, no.11, pp 3489 - 3514

Challis A, Blackman C, Ahrens C, Medlyn B, Rymer P, Tissue D, (2022) 'Adaptive plasticity in plant traits increases time to hydraulic failure under drought in a foundation tree', Tree Physiology, vol.42, no.4, pp 708-721

Choury Z, Wujeska-Klause A, Bourne A, Bown NP, Tjoelker MG, Medlyn BE, Crous KY, (2022) 'Tropical rainforest species have larger increases in temperature optima with warming than warm-temperate rainforest trees', New Phytologist, vol.234, no.4, pp 1220-1236

Churchill AC, Zhang H, Fuller KJ, Amiji B, Anderson IC, Barton CVM, Carrillo Y, Catunda KLM, Chandregowda MH, Igwenagu C, Jacob V, Kim GW, Macdonald CA, Medlyn BE, Moore BD, Pendall E, Plett JM, Post AK, Powell JR, Tissue DT, Tjoelker MG, Power SA, (2022) 'Pastures and Climate Extremes: Impacts of Cool Season Warming and Drought on the Productivity of Key Pasture Species in a Field Experiment', Frontiers in Plant Science, vol.13, Article no.836968

De Kauwe MG, Sabot MEB, Medlyn BE, Pitman AJ, Meir P, Cernusak LA, Gallagher RV, Ukkola AM, Rifai SW, Choat B, (2022) 'Towards species-level forecasts of drought-induced tree mortality risk', vol.235, no.1, pp 94-110

Ellsworth DS, Crous KY, De Kauwe MG, Verryckt LT, Goll D, Zaehle S, Bloomfield KJ, Ciais P, Cernusak LA, Domingues TF, Dusenge ME, Garcia S, Guerrieri R, Ishida FY, Janssens IA, Kenzo T, Ichie T, Medlyn BE, Meir P, Norby RJ, Reich PB, Rowland L, Santiago LS, Sun Y, Uddling J, Walker AP, Weerasinghe KWLK, van de Weg MJ, Zhang Y-B, Zhang J-L, Wright IJ, (2022) 'Convergence in phosphorus constraints to photosynthesis in forests around the world', Nature Communications, vol.13, no.1, Article no.5005

Fowler K, Peel M, Saft M, Peterson TJ, Western A, Band L, Petheram C, Dharmadi S, Tan KS, Zhang L, Lane P, Kiem A, Marshall L, Griebel A, Medlyn BE, Ryu D, Bonotto G, Wasko C, Ukkola A, Stephens C, Frost A, Weligamage HG, Saco P, Zheng HX, Chiew F, Daly E, Walker G, Vervoort RW, Hughes J, Trotter L, Neal B, Cartwright I, Nathan R, (2022) 'Explaining changes in rainfall-runoff relationships during and after Australia's Millennium Drought: a community perspective', Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, vol.26, no.23, pp 6073-6120

Gauthey A, Backes D, Balland J, Alam I, Maher DT, Cernusak LA, Duke NC, Medlyn BE, Tissue DT, Choat B, (2022) 'The Role of Hydraulic Failure in a Massive Mangrove Die-Off Event', Frontiers in Plant Science, vol.13, Article no.822136

Gauthey A, Peters JMR, Lòpez R, Carins-Murpjhy MR, Rodriguez-Dominguez CM, Tissue DT, Medlyn BE, Brodribb TJ, Choat B, (2022) 'Mechanisms of xylem hydraulic recovery after drought in Eucalyptus saligna', Plant Cell and Environment, vol.45, no.4, pp 1216 - 1228

McDowell NG, Sapes G, Pivovaroff A, Adams HD, Allen CD, Anderegg WRL, Arend M, Breshears DD, Brodribb T, Choat B, Cochard H, De Caceres M, De Kauwe MG, Grossiord C, Hammond WM, Hartmann H, Hoch G, Kahmen A, Klein T, Mackay DS, Mantova M, Martinez-Vilalta J, Medlyn BE, Mencuccini M, Nardini A, Oliveira RS, Sala A, Tissue DT, Torres-Ruiz JM, Trowbridge AM, Trugman AT, Wiley E, Xu CG, (2022) 'Mechanisms of woody-plant mortality under rising drought, CO2 and vapour pressure deficit', Nature Reviews Earth & Environment, vol.3, no.5, pp 294-308

Nolan RH, Collins L, Gibson RK, Samson SA, Rolls KT, Milner K, Medlyn BE, Price OF, Griebel A, Choat B, Jiang MK, Boer MM, (2022) 'The carbon cost of the 2019-20 Australian fires varies with fire severity and forest type', Global Ecology and Biogeography, vol.31, no.10, pp 2131-2146

Nolan RH, Foster B, Griebel A, Choat B, Medlyn BE, Yebra M, Younes N, Boer MM, (2022) 'Drought-related leaf functional traits control spatial and temporal dynamics of live fuel moisture content', Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol.319, Article no.108941

Oliver RJ, Mercado LM, Clark DB, Huntingford C, Taylor CM, Vidale PL, McGuire PC, Todt M, Folwell S, Semeena VS, Medlyn BE, (2022) 'Improved representation of plant physiology in the JULES-vn5.6 land surface model: photosynthesis, stomatal conductance and thermal acclimation', Geoscientific Model Development, vol.15, no.14, pp 5567-5592

Rifai SW, De Kauwe MG, Ukkola AM, Cernusak LA, Meir P, Medlyn BE, Pitman AJ, (2022) 'Thirty-eight years of CO2 fertilization has outpaced growing aridity to drive greening of Australian woody ecosystems', Biogeosciences, vol.19, no.2, pp 491 - 515

Sabot MEB, De Kauwe MG, Pitman AJ, Ellsworth DS, Medlyn BE, Caldararu S, Zaehle S, Crous KY, Gimeno TE, Wujeska-Klause A, Mu M, Yang J, (2022) 'Predicting resilience through the lens of competing adjustments to vegetation function', Plant Cell and Environment, vol.45, no.9, pp 2744-2761

Sabot MEB, De Kauwe MG, Pitman AJ, Medlyn BE, Ellsworth DS, Martin-StPaul NK, Wu J, Choat B, Limousin J-M, Mitchell PJ, Rogers A, Serbin SP, (2022) 'One Stomatal Model to Rule Them All? Toward Improved Representation of Carbon and Water Exchange in Global Models', Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, vol.14, no.4, Article no.e2021MS002761

Xie Q, Huete A, Hall CC, Medlyn BE, Power SA, Davies JM, Medek DE, Beggs PJ, (2022) 'Satellite-observed shifts in C3/C4 abundance in Australian grasslands are associated with rainfall patterns', Remote Sensing of Environment, vol.273, Article no.112983

De Kauwe MG, Medlyn BE, Tissue DT, (2021) 'To what extent can rising [CO2] ameliorate plant drought stress?', New Phytologist, vol.231, no.6, pp 2118 - 2124

Ely KS, Rogers A, Agarwal DA, Ainsworth EA, Albert LP, Ali A, Anderson J, Aspinwall MJ, Bellasio C, Bernacchi C, Bonnage S, Buckley TN, Bunce J, Burnett AC, Busch FA, Cavanagh A, Cernusak LA, Crystal-Ornelas R, Damerow J, Davidson KJ, De Kauwe MG, Dietze MC, Domingues TF, Dusenge ME, Ellsworth DS, Evans JR, Gauthier PPG, Gimenez BO, Gordon EP, Gough CM, Halbritter AH, Hanson DT, Heskel M, Hogan JA, Hupp JR, Jardine K, Kattge J, Keenan T, Kromdijk J, Kumarathunge DP, Lamour J, Leakey ADB, LeBauer DS, Li Q, Lundgren MR, McDowell N, Meacham-Hensold K, Medlyn BE, Moore DJP, Negrón-Juárez R, Niinemets Ü, Osborne CP, Pivovaroff AL, Poorter H, Reed SC, Ryu Y, Sanz-Saez A, Schmiege SC, Serbin SP, Sharkey TD, Slot M, Smith NG, Sonawane BV, South PF, Souza DC, Stinziano JR, Stuart-Haëntjens E, Taylor SH, Tejera MD, Uddling J, Vandvik V, Varadharajan C, Walker AP, Walker BJ, Warren JM, Way DA, Wolfe BT, Wu J, Wullschleger SD, Xu C, Yan Z, Yang D, (2021) 'A reporting format for leaf-level gas exchange data and metadata', Ecological Informatics, vol.61, Article no.101232

Jiao T, Williams CA, De Kauwe MG, Schwalm CR, Medlyn BE, (2021) 'Patterns of post-drought recovery are strongly influenced by drought duration, frequency, post-drought wetness, and bioclimatic setting', Global Change Biology, vol.27, no.19, pp 4630 - 4643

Keenan TF, Luo X, De Kauwe MG, Medlyn BE, Prentice IC, Stocker BD, Smith NG, Terrer C, Wang H, Zhang Y, Zhou S, (2021) 'A constraint on historic growth in global photosynthesis due to increasing CO2', Nature, vol.600, no.7888, pp 253 - 258

Mu MY, De Kauwe MG, Ukkola AM, Pitman AJ, Gimeno TE, Medlyn BE, Or D, Yang JY, Ellsworth DS, (2021) 'Evaluating a land surface model at a water-limited site: implications for land surface contributions to droughts and heatwaves', Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, vol.25, no.1, pp 447-471

Nolan RH, Gauthey A, Losso A, Medlyn BE, Smith R, Chhajed SS, Fuller K, Song M, Li X, Beaumont LJ, Boer MM, Wright IJ, Choat B, (2021) 'Hydraulic failure and tree size linked with canopy die-back in eucalypt forest during extreme drought', New Phytologist, vol.230, no.4, pp 1354-1365

Rogers A, Kumarathunge DP, Lombardozzi DL, Medlyn BE, Serbin SP, Walker AP, (2021) 'Triose phosphate utilization limitation: an unnecessary complexity in terrestrial biosphere model representation of photosynthesis', New Phytologist, vol.230, no.1, pp 17-22

Walker AP, De Kauwe MG, Bastos A, Belmecheri S, Georgiou K, Keeling RF, McMahon SM, Medlyn BE, Moore DJP, Norby RJ, Zaehle S, Anderson-Teixeira KJ, Battipaglia G, Brienen RJW, Cabugao KG, Cailleret M, Campbell E, Canadell JG, Ciais P, Craig ME, Ellsworth DS, Farquhar GD, Fatichi S, Fisher JB, Frank DC, Graven H, Gu LH, Haverd V, Heilman K, Heimann M, Hungate BA, Iversen CM, Joos F, Jiang MK, Keenan TF, Knauer J, Korner C, Leshyk VO, Leuzinger S, Liu Y, MacBean N, Malhi Y, McVicar TR, Penuelas J, Pongratz J, Powell AS, Riutta T, Sabot MEB, Schleucher J, Sitch S, Smith WK, Sulman B, Taylor B, Terrer C, Torn MS, Treseder KK, Trugman AT, Trumbore SE, van Mantgem PJ, Voelker SL, Whelan ME, Zuidema PA, (2021) 'Integrating the evidence for a terrestrial carbon sink caused by increasing atmospheric CO2', New Phytologist, vol.229, no.5, pp 2413-2445

De Kauwe MG, Medlyn BE, Ukkola AM, Mu MY, Sabot MEB, Pitman AJ, Meir P, Cernusak LA, Rifai SW, Choat B, Tissue DT, Blackman CJ, Li XM, Roderick M, Briggs PR, (2020) 'Identifying areas at risk of drought‐induced tree mortality across South‐Eastern Australia', Global Change Biology, vol.26, no.10, pp 5716-5733

Eller CB, Rowland L, Mencuccini M, Rosas T, Williams K, Harper A, Medlyn BE, Wagner Y, Klein T, Teodoro GS, Oliveira RS, Matos IS, Rosado BHP, Fuchs K, Wohlfahrt G, Montagnani L, Meir P, Sitch S, Cox PM,(2020) 'Stomatal optimization based on xylem hydraulics (SOX) improves land surface model simulation of vegetation responses to climate', New Phytologyist, vol.226, no.6, pp 1622-1637

Gauthey A, Peters JMR, Carins‐Murphy MR, Rodriguez‐Dominguez CM, Li X, Delzon S, King A, Lòpez R, Medlyn BE, Tissue DT, Brodribb TJ, Choat B, (2020) 'Visual and hydraulic techniques produce similar estimates of cavitation resistance in woody species', New Phytologist, vol.228, no.3, pp 884-897

Jacob V, Zhang H, Churchill AC, Yang J, Choat B, Medlyn BE, Power SA, Tissue DT, (2020) 'Warming reduces net carbon gain and productivity in medicago sativa l. And festuca arundinacea', Agronomy, vol.10, no.10, Article no.1601

Jiang M, Medlyn BE, Drake JE, Duursma RA, Anderson IC, Barton CVM, Boer MM, Carrillo Y, Castaneda-Gomez L, Collins L, Crous KY, De Kauwe MG, dos Santos BM, Emmerson KM, Facey SL, Gherlenda AN, Gimeno TE, Hasegawa S, Johnson SN, Kannaste A, Macdonald CA, Mahmud K, Moore BD, Nazaries L, Neilson EHJ, Nielsen UN, Niinemets U, Noh NJ, Ochoa-Hueso R, Pathare VS, Pendall E, Pihlblad J, Pineiro J, Powell JR, Power SA, Reich PB, Renchon AA, Riegler M, Rinnan R, Rymer PD, Salomon RL, Singh BK, Smith B, Tjoelker MG, Walker JKM, Wujeska-Klause A, Yang JY, Zaehle S, Ellsworth DS, (2020) 'The fate of carbon in a mature forest under carbon dioxide enrichment', Nature, vol.580, no.7802, pp 227-231

Jiang MK, Caldararu S, Zhang HY, Fleischer K, Crous KY, Yang JY, De Kauwe MG, Ellsworth DS, Reich PB, Tissue DT, Zaehle S, Medlyn BE, (2020) 'Low phosphorus supply constrains plant responses to elevated CO2: A meta-analysis', Global Change Biology, vol.26, no.10, pp 5856-5873

Jiao T, Williams CA, Rogan J, De Kauwe MG, Medlyn BE, (2020) 'Drought Impacts on Australian Vegetation During the Millennium Drought Measured With Multisource Spaceborne Remote Sensing', Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, vol.125, no.2, Article no.e2019JG005145

Kattge J, Bonisch G, Diaz S, Lavorel S, Prentice IC, Leadley P, Tautenhahn S, Werner GDA, Aakala T, Abedi M, Acosta ATR, Adamidis GC, Adamson K, Aiba M, Albert CH, Alcantara JM, Alcazar CC, Aleixo I, Ali H, Amiaud B, Ammer C, Amoroso MM, Anand M, Anderson C, Anten N, Antos J, Apgaua DMG, Ashman TL, Asmara DH, Asner GP, Aspinwall M, Atkin O, Aubin I, Baastrup-Spohr L, Bahalkeh K, Bahn M, Baker T, Baker WJ, Bakker JP, Baldocchi D, Baltzer J, Banerjee A, Baranger A, Barlow J, Barneche DR, Baruch Z, Bastianelli D, Battles J, Bauerle W, Bauters M, Bazzato E, Beckmann M, Beeckman H, Beierkuhnlein C, Bekker R, Belfry G, Belluau M, Beloiu M, Benavides R, Benomar L, Berdugo-Lattke ML, Berenguer E, Bergamin R, Bergmann J, Carlucci MB, Berner L, Bernhardt-Romermann M, Bigler C, Bjorkman AD, Blackman C, Blanco C, Blonder B, Blumenthal D, Bocanegra-Gonzalez KT, Boeckx P, Bohlman S, Bohning-Gaese K, Boisvert-Marsh L, Bond W, Bond-Lamberty B, Boom A, Boonman CCF, Bordin K, Boughton EH, Boukili V, Bowman DMJS, Bravo S, Brendel MR, Broadley MR, Brown KA, Bruelheide H, Brumnich F, Bruun HH, Bruy D, Buchanan SW, Bucher SF, Buchmann N, Buitenwerf R, Bunker DE, Burger J, Burrascano S, Burslem DFRP, Butterfield BJ, Byun C, Marques M, Scalon MC, Caccianiga M, Cadotte M, Cailleret M, Camac J, Camarero JJ, Campany C, Campetella G, Campos JA, Cano-Arboleda L, Canullo R, Carbognani M, Carvalho F, Casanoves F, Castagneyrol B, Catford JA, Cavender-Bares J, Cerabolini BEL, Cervellini M, Chacon-Madrigal E, Chapin K, Chapin FS, Chelli S, Chen SC, Chen AP, Cherubini P, Chianucci F, Choat B, Chung KS, Chytry M, Ciccarelli D, Coll L, Collins CG, Conti L, Coomes D, Cornelissen JHC, Cornwell WK, Corona P, Coyea M, Craine J, Craven D, Cromsigt JPGM, Csecserits A, Cufar K, Cuntz M, da Silva AC, Dahlin KM, Dainese M, Dalke I, Dalle Fratte M, Anh TDL, Danihelka J, Dannoura M, Dawson S, de Beer AJ, De Frutos A, De Long JR, Dechant B, Delagrange S, Delpierre N, Derroire G, Dias AS, Diaz-Toribio MH, 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Kuppler J, Kurokawa H, Kurosawa Y, Kuyah S, Laclau JP, Lafleur B, Lallai E, Lamb E, Lamprecht A, Larkin DJ, Laughlin D, Le Bagousse-Pinguet Y, le Maire G, le Roux PC, le Roux E, Lee T, Lens F, Lewis SL, Lhotsky B, Li YZ, Li XE, Lichstein JW, Liebergesell M, Lim JY, Lin YS, Linares JC, Liu CJ, Liu DJ, Liu U, Livingstone S, Llusia J, Lohbeck M, Lopez-Garcia A, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Lososova Z, Louault F, Lukacs BA, Lukes P, Luo YJ, Lussu M, Ma SY, Pereira CMR, Mack M, Maire V, Makela A, Makinen H, Malhado ACM, Mallik A, Manning P, Manzoni S, Marchetti Z, Marchino L, Marcilio-Silva V, Marcon E, Marignani M, Markesteijn L, Martin A, Martinez-Garza C, Martinez-Vilalta J, Maskova T, Mason K, Mason N, Massad TJ, Masse J, Mayrose I, McCarthy J, McCormack ML, McCulloh K, McFadden IR, McGill BJ, McPartland MY, Medeiros JS, Medlyn B, Meerts P, Mehrabi Z, Meir P, Melo FPL, Mencuccini M, Meredieu C, Messier J, Meszaros I, Metsaranta J, Michaletz ST, Michelaki C, Migalina S, Milla R, Miller JED, Minden 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Puglielli G, Pysek P, Raevel V, Rammig A, Ransijn J, Ray CA, Reich PB, Reichstein M, Reid DEB, Rejou-Mechain M, de Dios VR, Ribeiro S, Richardson S, Riibak K, Rillig MC, Riviera F, Robert EMR, Roberts S, Robroek B, Roddy A, Rodrigues AV, Rogers A, Rollinson E, Rolo V, Romermann C, Ronzhina D, Roscher C, Rosell JA, Rosenfield MF, Rossi C, Roy DB, Royer-Tardif S, Ruger N, Ruiz-Peinado R, Rumpf SB, Rusch GM, Ryo M, Sack L, Saldana A, Salgado-Negret B, Salguero-Gomez R, Santa-Regina I, Santacruz-Garcia AC, Santos J, Sardans J, Schamp B, Scherer-Lorenzen M, Schleuning M, Schmid B, Schmidt M, Schmitt S, Schneider JV, Schowanek SD, Schrader J, Schrodt F, Schuldt B, Schurr F, Garvizu GS, Semchenko M, Seymour C, Sfair JC, Sharpe JM, Sheppard CS, Sheremetiev S, Shiodera S, Shipley B, Shovon TA, Siebenkas A, Sierra C, Silva V, Silva M, Sitzia T, Sjoman H, Slot M, Smith NG, Sodhi D, Soltis P, Soltis D, Somers B, Sonnier G, Sorensen MV, Sosinski EE, Soudzilovskaia NA, Souza AF, Spasojevic M, Sperandii MG, Stan AB, Stegen J, Steinbauer K, Stephan JG, Sterck F, Stojanovic DB, Strydom T, Suarez ML, Svenning JC, Svitkova I, Svitok M, Svoboda M, Swaine E, Swenson N, Tabarelli M, Takagi K, Tappeiner U, Tarifa R, Tauugourdeau S, Tavsanoglu C, te Beest M, Tedersoo L, Thiffault N, Thom D, Thomas E, Thompson K, Thornton PE, Thuiller W, Tichy L, Tissue D, Tjoelker MG, Tng DYP, Tobias J, Torok P, Tarin T, Torres-Ruiz JM, Tothmeresz B, Treurnicht M, Trivellone V, Trolliet F, Trotsiuk V, Tsakalos JL, Tsiripidis I, Tysklind N, Umehara T, Usoltsev V, Vadeboncoeur M, Vaezi J, Valladares F, Vamosi J, van Bodegom PM, van Breugel M, Van Cleemput E, van de Weg M, van der Merwe S, van der Plas F, van der Sande MT, van Kleunen M, Van Meerbeek K, Vanderwel M, Vanselow KA, Varhammar A, Varone L, Valderrama MY, Vassilev K, Vellend M, Veneklaas EJ, Verbeeck H, Verheyen K, Vibrans A, Vieira I, Villacis J, Violle C, Vivek P, Wagner K, Waldram M, Waldron A, Walker AP, Waller M, Walther G, Wang H, Wang F, Wang WQ, Watkins H, Watkins J, Weber U, Weedon JT, Wei LP, Weigelt P, Weiher E, Wells AW, Wellstein C, Wenk E, Westoby M, Westwood A, White PJ, Whitten M, Williams M, Winkler DE, Winter K, Womack C, Wright IJ, Wright SJ, Wright J, Pinho BX, Ximenes F, Yamada T, Yamaji K, Yanai R, Yankov N, Yguel B, Zanini KJ, Zanne AE, Zeleny D, Zhao YP, Zheng JM, Zheng J, Zieminska K, Zirbel CR, Zizka G, Zo-Bi IC, Zotz G, Wirth C, (2020) 'TRY plant trait database - enhanced coverage and open access', Global Change Biology, vol.26, no.1, pp 119-188

Kumarathunge DP, Drake JE, Tjoelker MG, Lopez R, Pfautsch S, Varhammar A, Medlyn BE, (2020) 'The temperature optima for tree seedling photosynthesis and growth depend on water inputs', Global Change Biology, vol.26, no.4, pp 2544-2560

Lu Y, Duursma RA, Farrior CE, Medlyn BE, Feng X, (2020) 'Optimal stomatal drought response shaped by competition for water and hydraulic risk can explain plant trait covariation', New Phytologist, vol.225, no.3, pp 1206-1217, Special Issue: SI

Nolan RH, Blackman CJ, de Dios VR, Choat B, Medlyn BE, Li XM, Bradstock RA, Boer MM, (2020) 'Linking Forest Flammability and Plant Vulnerability to Drought', Forests, vol.11, no.7, Article no.779

Sabot MEB, De Kauwe MG, Pitman AJ, Medlyn BE, Verhoef A, Ukkola AM, Abramowitz G, (2020) 'Plant profit maximization improves predictions of European forest responses to drought', New Phytologist, vol.226. no.6, pp 1638-1655

Yang J, Medlyn BE, De Kauwe MG, Duursma RA, Jiang M,  Kumarathunge D, Crous KY, Gimeno TE, Wujeska-Klause A, Ellsworth DS, (2020) 'Low sensitivity of gross primary production to elevated CO2 in a mature eucalypt woodland', Biogeosciences, vol.17, no.2, pp 265-279

Blackman CJ, Creek D, Maier C, Aspinwall MJ, Drake JE, Pfautsch S, O'Grady A, Delzon S, Medlyn BE, Tissue DT, Choat B, (2019) 'Drought response strategies and hydraulic traits contribute to mechanistic understanding of plant dry-down to hydraulic failure', Tree Physiology, vol.39, no.6, pp 910-924

Blackman CJ, Li XM, Choat B, Rymer PD, De Kauwe MG, Duursma RA, Tissue DT, Medlyn BE, (2019) 'Desiccation time during drought is highly predictable across species of Eucalyptus from contrasting climates', New Phytologist, vol.224, no.2, pp 632-643

Bloomfield KJ, Prentice IC, Cernusak LA, Eamus D, Medlyn BE, Rumman R, Wright IJ, Boer MM, Cale P, Cleverly J, Egerton JJG, Ellsworth DS, Evans BJ, Hayes LS, Hutchinson MF, Liddell MJ, Macfarlane C, Meyer WS, Togashi HF, Wardlaw T, Zhu LL, Atkin OK, (2019) 'The validity of optimal leaf traits modelled on environmental conditions', New Phytologist, vol.221, no.3, pp 1409-1423

Crous KY, Wujeska-Klause A, Jiang MK, Medlyn BE, Ellsworth DS, (2019) 'Nitrogen and Phosphorus Retranslocation of Leaves and Stemwood in a Mature Eucalyptus Forest Exposed to 5 Years of Elevated CO2', Frontiers in Plant Science, vol.10, Article no.664

De Kauwe MG, Medlyn BE, Pitman AJ, Drake JE, Ukkola A, Griebel A, Pendall E, Prober S, Roderick M, (2019) 'Examining the evidence for decoupling between photosynthesis and transpiration during heat extremes', Biogeosciences, vol.16, no.4, pp 903-916

Duursma RA, Blackman CJ, Lopez R, Martin-StPaul NK, Cochard H, Medlyn BE, (2019) 'On the minimum leaf conductance: its role in models of plant water use, and ecological and environmental controls', New Phytologist, vol.221, no.2, pp 693-705

Fleischer K, Rammigl A, De Kauwe MG, Walker AP, Domingues TF, Fuchslueger L, Garcia S, Goll DS, Grandis A, Jiang MK, Haverd V, Hofhansl F, Holm JA, Kruijt B, Leung F, Medlyn BE, Mercado LM, Norby RJ, Pak B, von Randow C, Quesada CA, Schaap KJ, Valverde-Barrantes OJ, Wang YP, Yang XJ, Zaehle S, Zhu Q, Lapola DM, (2019) 'Amazon forest response to CO2 fertilization dependent on plant phosphorus acquisition', Nature Geoscience, vol.12, no.9, pp 736-741

Fry EL, De Long JR, Alvarez Garrido L, Alvarez N, Carrillo Y, Castaneda-Gomez L, Chomel M, Dondini M, Drake JE, Hasegawa S, Hortal S, Jackson BG, Jiang MK, Lavallee JM, Medlyn BE, Rhymes J, Singh BK, Smith P, Anderson IC, Bardgett RD, Baggs EM, Johnson D, (2019) 'Using plant, microbe, and soil fauna traits to improve the predictive power of biogeochemical models', Methods in Ecology and Evolution, vol.10, no.1, pp 146-157

Gimeno TE, Saavedra N, Ogee J, Medlyn BE, Wingate L, (2019) 'A novel optimization approach incorporating non-stomatal limitations predicts stomatal behaviour in species from six plant functional types', Journal of Experimental Botany, vol.70, no.5, pp 1639-1651

Jiang MK, Caldararu S, Zaehle S, Ellsworth DS, Medlyn BE, (2019) 'Towards a more physiological representation of vegetation phosphorus processes in land surface models', New Phytologist, vol.222, no.3, pp 1223-1229

Jiang MK, Zaehle S, De Kauwe MG, Walker AP, Caldararu S, Ellsworth DS, Medlyn BE, (2019) 'The quasi-equilibrium framework revisited: analysing long-term CO2 enrichment responses in plant-soil models', Geoscientific Model Development, vol.12, no.5, pp 2069-2089

Knauer J, Zaehle S, De Kauwe MG, Bahar NHA, Evans JR, Medlyn BE, Reichstein M, Werner C, (2019) 'Effects of mesophyll conductance on vegetation responses to elevated CO2 concentrations in a land surface model', Global Change Biology, vol.25, no.5, pp 1820-1838

Kumarathunge DP, Medlyn BE, Drake JE, Tjoelker MG, Aspinwall MJ, Battaglia M, Cano FJ, Carter KR, Cavaleri MA, Cernusak LA, Chambers JQ, Crous KY, De Kauwe MG, Dillaway DN, Dreyer E, Ellsworth DS, Ghannoum O, Han QM, Hikosaka K, Jensen AM, Kelly JWG, Kruger EL, Mercado LM, Onoda Y, Reich PB, Rogers A, Slot M, Smith NG, Tarvainen L, Tissue DT, Togashi HF, Tribuzy ES, Uddling J, Varhammar A, Wallin G, Warren JM, Way DA, (2019) 'Acclimation and adaptation components of the temperature dependence of plant photosynthesis at the global scale', New Phytologist, vol.222, no.2, pp 768-784

Lavergne A, Graven H, De Kauwe MG, Keenan TF, Medlyn BE, Prentice IC, (2019) 'Observed and modelled historical trends in the water-use efficiency of plants and ecosystems', Global Change Biology, vol.25, no.7, pp 2242-2257

Li XM, Blackman CJ, Choat B, Rymer PD, Medlyn BE, Tissue DT, (2019) 'Drought tolerance traits do not vary across sites differing in water availability in Banksia serrata (Proteaceae)', Functional Plant Biology, vol.46, no.7, pp 624-633

Li XM, Blackman CJ, Peters JMR, Choat B, Rymer PD, Medlyn BE, Tissue DT, (2019) 'More than iso/anisohydry: Hydroscapes integrate plant water use and drought tolerance traits in 10 eucalypt species from contrasting climates', Functional Ecology, vol.33, no.6, pp 1035-1049

Walker AP, De Kauwe MG, Medlyn BE, Zaehle S, Iversen CM, Asao S, Guenet B, Harper A, Hickler T, Hungate BA, Jain AK, Luo YQ, Lu XJ, Lu M, Luus K, Megonigal JP, Oren R, Ryan E, Shu SJ, Talhelm A, Wang YP, Warren JM, Werner C, Xia JY, Yang B, Zak DR, Norby RJ, (2019) 'Decadal biomass increment in early secondary succession woody ecosystems is increased by CO2 enrichment', Nature Communications, vol.10, Article no.454

Yang J, Duursma RA, De Kauwe MG, Kumarathunge D, Jiang M, Mahmud K, Gimeno TE, Crous KY, Ellsworth DS, Peters J, Choat B, Eamus D, Medlyn BE, (2019) 'Incorporating non-stomatal limitation improves the performance of leaf and canopy models at high vapour pressure deficit', Tree physiology, vol.39, no.12, pp 1961-1974

Zhou SX, Prentice IC, Medlyn BE, (2019) 'Bridging Drought Experiment and Modeling: Representing the Differential Sensitivities of Leaf Gas Exchange to Drought', Frontiers in Plant Science, vol.9, Article no.1965

Choat B, Brodribb TJ, Brodersen CR, Duursma RA, Lopez R, Medlyn BE, (2018) 'Triggers of tree mortality under drought', Nature, vol.558, no.7711, pp 531-539

Dewar R, Mauranen A, Makela A, Holtta T, Medlyn B, Vesala T, (2018) 'New insights into the covariation of stomatal, mesophyll and hydraulic conductances from optimization models incorporating nonstomatal limitations to photosynthesis', New Phytologist, vol.217, no.2, pp 571-585

Drake JE, Tjoelker MG, Varhammar A, Medlyn BE, Reich PB, Leigh A, Pfautsch S, Blackman CJ, Lopez R, Aspinwall MJ, Crous KY, Duursma RA, Kumarathunge D, De Kauwe MG, Jiang M, Nicotra AB, Tissue DT, Choat B, Atkin OK, Barton CVM, (2018) 'Trees tolerate an extreme heatwave via sustained transpirational cooling and increased leaf thermal tolerance', Global Change Biology, vol.24, no.6, pp 2390-2402

Hartmann H, Schuldt B, Sanders TGM, Macinnis-Ng C, Boehmer HJ, Allen CD, Bolte A, Crowther TW, Hansen MC, Medlyn BE, Ruehr NK, Anderegg WRL, (2018) 'Monitoring global tree mortality patterns and trends. Report from the VW symposium ‘Crossing scales and disciplines to identify global trends of tree mortality as indicators of forest health’', New Phytologist, vol.217, no.3, pp 984-987

Knauer J, Zaehle S, Medlyn BE, Reichstein M, Williams CA, Migliavacca M, De Kauwe MG, Werner C, Keitel C, Kolari P, Limousin JM, Linderson ML. (2018) 'Towards physiologically meaningful water-use efficiency estimates from eddy covariance data', Global Change Biology, vol.24, no.2, pp 694-710

Li XM, Blackman CJ, Choat B, Duursma RA, Rymer PD, Medlyn BE, Tissue DT, (2018) 'Tree hydraulic traits are coordinated and strongly linked to climate-of-origin across a rainfall gradient', Plant Cell and Environment, vol.41, no.3, pp 646-660

Li XM, Blackman CJ, Rymer PD, Quintans D, Duursma RA, Choat B, Medlyn BE, Tissue DT, (2018) 'Xylem embolism measured retrospectively is linked to canopy dieback in natural populations of Eucalyptus piperita following drought', Tree Physiology, vol.38, no.8, pp 1193-1199

Mahmud K, Medlyn BE, Duursma RA, Campany C, De Kauwe MG, (2018) 'Inferring the effects of sink strength on plant carbon balance processes from experimental measurements', Biogeosciences, vol.15, no.13, pp 4003-4018

Mercado LM, Medlyn BE, Huntingford C, Oliver RJ, Clark DB, Sitch S, Zelazowski P, Kattge J, Harper AB, Cox PM, (2018) 'Large sensitivity in land carbon storage due to geographical and temporal variation in the thermal response of photosynthetic capacity', New Phytologist, vol.218, no.4, pp 1462-1477

Oliver RJ, Mercado LM, Sitch S, Simpson D, Medlyn BE, Lin Y-S, Folberth GA, (2018) 'Large but decreasing effect of ozone on the European carbon sink', Biogeosciences, vol.15, no.13, pp 4245-4269

Renchon AA, Griebel A, Metzen D, Williams CA, Medlyn B, Duursma RA, Barton CVM, Maier C, Boer MM, Isaac P, Tissue D, de Dios VR, Pendall E, (2018) 'Upside-down fluxes Down Under: CO2 net sink in winter and net source in summer in a temperate evergreen broadleaf forest', Biogeosciences, vol.15, no.12, pp 3703-3716

Vezy R, Christina M, Roupsard O, Nouvellon Y, Duursma R, Medlyn B, Soma M, Charbonnier F, Blitz-Frayret C, Stape J.L, Laclau J.P, de Melo Virginio Filho E, Bonnefond J.M, Rapidel B, Do, FC, Rocheteau A, Picart D, Borgonovo C, Loustau D, le Maire G, (2018) 'Measuring and modelling energy partitioning in canopies of varying complexity using MAESPA model', Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol.s 253-254, pp 203-217

Walker AP, Ye M, Lu D, De Kauwe MG, Gu LH, Medlyn BE, Rogers A, Serbin SP, (2018) 'The multi-assumption architecture and testbed (MAAT v1.0): R code for generating ensembles with dynamic model structure and analysis of epistemic uncertainty from multiple sources', Geoscientific Model Development, vol.11, no.8, pp 3159-3185

Yang J, Medlyn BE, De Kauwe MG, Duursma RA, (2018) 'Applying the Concept of Ecohydrological Equilibrium to Predict Steady State Leaf Area Index', Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, vol.10, no.8, pp 1740-1758

Campany CE, Medlyn BE, Duursma RA, (2017) 'Reduced growth due to belowground sink limitation is not fully explained by reduced photosynthesis', Tree Physiology, vol.37, no.8, pp 1042-1054

Charbonnier F, Roupsard O, le Maire G, Guillemot J, Casanoves F, Lacointe A, Vaast P, Allinne C, Audebert L, Cambou A, Clement-Vidal A, Defrenet E, Duursma RA, Jarri L, Jourdan C, Khac E, Leandro P, Medlyn BE, Saint-Andre L, Thaler P, Van den Meersche K, Aguilar AB, Lehner P, Dreyer E, (2017) 'Increased light-use efficiency sustains net primary productivity of shaded coffee plants in agroforestry system', Plant Cell and Environment, vol.40, no.8, pp 1592-1608

De Kauwe MG, Medlyn BE, Knauer J, Williams CA, (2017) 'Ideas and perspectives: how coupled is the vegetation to the boundary layer?', Biogeosciences, vol.14, no.19, pp 4435-4453

De Kauwe MG, Medlyn BE, Walker AP, Zaehle S, Asao S, Guenet B, Harper AB, Hickler T, Jain AK, Luo YQ, Lu XJ, Luus K, Parton WJ, Shu SJ, Wang YP, Werner C, Xia JY, Pendall E, Morgan JA, Ryan EM, Carrillo Y, Dijkstra FA, Zelikova TJ, Norby RJ, (2017) 'Challenging terrestrial biosphere models with data from the long-term multifactor Prairie Heating and CO2 Enrichment experiment', Global Change Biology, vol.23, no.9, pp 3623-3645

Drake JE, Power SA, Duursma RA, Medlyn BE, Aspinwall MJ, Choat B, Creek D, Eamus D, Maier C, Pfautsch S, Smith RA, Tjoelker MG, Tissue DT, (2017) 'Stomatal and non-stomatal limitations of photosynthesis for four tree species under drought: A comparison of model formulations', Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol.247, pp 454-466

Drake JE, Varhammar A, Kumarathunge D, Medlyn BE, Pfautsch S, Reich PB, Tissue DT, Ghannoum O, Tjoelker MG, (2017) 'A common thermal niche among geographically diverse populations of the widely distributed tree species Eucalyptus tereticornis: No evidence for adaptation to climate-of-origin', Global Change Biology, vol.23, no.12, pp 5069-5082

Ellsworth DS, Anderson IC, Crous KY, Cooke J, Drake JE, Gherlenda AN, Gimeno TE, Macdonald CA, Medlyn BE, Powell JR, Tjoelker MG, Reich PB, (2017) 'Elevated CO2 does not increase eucalypt forest productivity on a low-phosphorus soil', Nature Climate Change, vol.7, no.4, pp 279-282

Jiang MK, Felzer BS, Nielsen UN, Medlyn BE, (2017) 'Biome-specific climatic space defined by temperature and precipitation predictability', Global Ecology and Biogeography', vol.26, no.11, pp 1270-1282

Knauer J, Zaehle S, Reichstein M, Medlyn BE, Forkel M, Hagemann S, Werner C, (2017) 'The response of ecosystem water-use efficiency to rising atmospheric CO2 concentrations: sensitivity and large-scale biogeochemical implications', New Phytologist, vol.213, no.4, pp 1654-1666

Luo Y, Shi Z, Lu X, Xia J, Liang J, Jiang J, Wang Y, Smith MJ, Jiang L, Ahlström A, Chen B, Hararuk O, Hastings A, Hoffman F, Medlyn B, Niu S, Rasmussen M, Todd-Brown K, Wang Y-P, (2017) 'Transient dynamics of terrestrial carbon storage: Mathematical foundation and its applications', Biogeosciences, vol.14, no.1, pp 145-161

Macinnis-Ng C, Webb T, Lin YS, Schwendenmann L, Medlyn B, (2017) 'Leaf age-related and diurnal variation in gas exchange of kauri (Agathis australis)', New Zealand Journal of Botany, vol.55, no.2, pp 80-99

Medlyn BE, De Kauwe MG, Lin YS, Knauer J, Duursma RA, Williams CA, Arneth A, Clement R, Isaac P, Limousin JM, Linderson ML, Meir P, Martin-StPaul N, Wingate L,(2017) 'How do leaf and ecosystem measures of water-use efficiency compare?' New Phytologist, vol.216, no.3, pp 758-770

Rogers A, Medlyn BE, Dukes JS, Bonan G, von Caemmerer S, Dietze MC, Kattge J, Leakey ADB, Mercado LM, Niinemets Ü, Prentice IC, Serbin SP, Sitch S, Way DA, Zaehle S, (2017) 'A roadmap for improving the representation of photosynthesis in Earth system models', New Phytologist, vol.213, no.1, pp 22-42

Ryan EM, Ogle K, Peltier D, Walker AP, de Kauwe MG, Medlyn BE, Williams DG, Parton W, Asao S, Guenet B, Harper AB, Lu XJ, Luus KA, Zaehle S, Shu SJ, Werner C, Xia JY, Pendall E, (2017) ' Gross primary production responses to warming, elevated CO2, and irrigation: quantifying the drivers of ecosystem physiology in a semiarid grassland', Global Change Biology, vol.23, no.8, pp 3092-3106

De Kauwe MG, Keenan TF, Medlyn BE, Prentice IC, Terrer C, (2016) 'Satellite based estimates underestimate the effect of CO2 fertilization on net primary productivity', Nature Climate Change, vol.6, no.10, pp 892-893

De Kauwe MG, Lin YS, Wright IJ, Medlyn BE, Crous KY, Ellsworth DS, Maire V, Prentice IC, Atkin OK, Rogers A, Niinemets U, Serbin SP, Meir P, Uddling J, Togashi HF, Tarvainen L, Weerasinghe LK, Evans BJ, Ishida FY, Domingues TF, (2016) 'A test of the 'one-point method' for estimating maximum carboxylation capacity from field-measured, light-saturated photosynthesis', New Phytologist, vol.210, no.3, pp 1130-1144

Drake JE, Tjoelker MG, Aspinwall MJ, Reich PB, Barton CVM, Medlyn BE, Duursma RA, (2016) 'Does physiological acclimation to climate warming stabilize the ratio of canopy respiration to photosynthesis?' New Phytologist, vol.211, no.3, pp 850-863

Gimeno TE, Crous KY, Cooke J, O'Grady AP, Osvaldsson A, Medlyn BE, Ellsworth DS, (2016) 'Conserved stomatal behaviour under elevated CO2 and varying water availability in a mature woodland', Functional Ecology, vol.30, no.5, pp 700-709

Kala J, De Kauwe MG, Pitman AJ, Medlyn BE, Wang YP, Lorenz R, Perkins-Kirkpatrick SE, (2016) 'Impact of the representation of stomatal conductance on model projections of heatwave intensity', Scientific Reports, vol.6, Article no.23418

Kelly JWG, Duursma RA, Atwell BJ, Tissue DT, Medlyn BE, (2016) 'Drought x CO2 interactions in trees: a test of the low-intercellular CO2 concentration (C-i) mechanism', New Phytologist, vol.209, no.4, pp 1600-1612

Lu Y, Duursma RA, Medlyn BE, (2016) 'Optimal stomatal behaviour under stochastic rainfall', Journal of Theoretical Biology, vol.394, pp 160-171

Medlyn BE, De Kauwe MG, Duursma RA, (2016) 'New developments in the effort to model ecosystems under water stress', New Phytologist, vol.212, no.1, pp 5-7

Medlyn BE, De Kauwe MG, Zaehle S, Walker AP, Duursma RA, Luus K, Mishurov M, Pak B, Smith B, Wang Y-P, Yang X, Crous KY, Drake JE, Gimeno TE, Macdonald CA, Norby RJ, Power SA, Tjoelker MG, Ellsworth DS, (2016) 'Using models to guide field experiments: a priori predictions for the CO2 response of a nutrient- and water-limited native Eucalypt woodland', Global Change Biology, vol.22, no.8, pp 2834-2851

Norby RJ, De Kauwe MG, Domingues TF, Duursma RA, Ellsworth DS, Goll DS, Lapola DM, Luus KA, Mackenzie AR, Medlyn BE, Pavlick R, Rammig A, Smith B, Thomas R, Thonicke K, Walker AP, Yang X, Zaehle S, (2016) 'Model-data synthesis for the next generation of forest free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) experiments', New Phytologist, vol.209, no.1, pp 17-28

Zhou S-X, Medlyn BE, Prentice IC, (2016) 'Long-term water stress leads to acclimation of drought sensitivity of photosynthetic capacity in xeric but not riparian Eucalyptus species', Annals of Botany, vol.117, no.1, pp 133-144

Ali AA, Medlyn BE, Aubier TG, Crous KY, Reich PB, (2015) 'Elevated carbon dioxide is predicted to promote coexistence among competing species in a trait-based model', Ecology and Evolution, vol.5, no.20, pp 4717-4733

Ali AA, Xu CG, Rogers A, McDowell NG, Medlyn BE, Fisher RA, Wullschleger SD, Reich PB, Vrugt JA, Bauerle WL, Santiago LS, Wilson CJ, (2015) 'Global-scale environmental control of plant photosynthetic capacity', Ecological Applications, vol.25, no.8, pp 2349-2365

Atkin OK, Bloomfield KJ, Reich PB, Tjoelker MG, Asner GP, Bonal D, Bönisch G, Bradford MG, Cernusak LA, Cosio EG, Creek D, Crous KY, Domingues TF, Dukes JS, Egerton JJG, Evans JR, Farquhar GD, Fyllas NM, Gauthier PPG, Gloor E, Gimeno TE, Griffin KL, Guerrieri R, Heskel MA, Huntingford C, Ishida FY, Kattge J, Lambers H, Liddell MJ, Lloyd J, Lusk CH, Martin RE, Maksimov AP, Maximov TC, Malhi Y, Medlyn BE, Meir P, Mercado LM, Mirotchnick N, Ng D, Niinemets U, O'Sullivan OS, Phillips OL, Poorter L, Poot P, Prentice IC, Salinas N, Rowland LM, Ryan MG, Sitch S, Slot M, Smith NG, Turnbull MH, Vanderwel MC, Valladares F, Veneklaas EJ, Weerasinghe LK, Wirth C, Wright IJ, Wythers KR, Xiang J, Xiang S, Zaragoza-Castells J, (2015) 'Global variability in leaf respiration in relation to climate, plant functional types and leaf traits', New Phytologist, vol.206, no.2, pp 614-636

Baig S, Medlyn BE, Mercado LM, Zaehle S, (2015) 'Does the growth response of woody plants to elevated CO2 increase with temperature? A model-oriented meta-analysis', Global Change Biology, vol.21, no.12, pp 4303-4319

De Kauwe MG, Kala J, Lin Y-S, Pitman AJ, Medlyn BE, Duursma RA, Abramowitz G, Wang Y-P, Miralles DG, (2015) 'A test of an optimal stomatal conductance scheme within the CABLE land surface model', Geoscientific Model Development, vol.8, no.2, pp 431-452

De Kauwe MG, Zhou SX, Medlyn BE, Pitman AJ, Wang Y-P, Duursma RA, Prentice IC, (2015) 'Do land surface models need to include differential plant species responses to drought? Examining model predictions across a mesic-xeric gradient in Europe', Biogeosciences, vol.12, no.24, pp 7503-7518

Kala J, De Kauwe MG, Pitman AJ, Lorenz R, Medlyn BE, Wang Y-P, Lin Y-S, Abramowitz G, (2015) 'Implementation of an optimal stomatal conductance scheme in the Australian Community Climate Earth Systems Simulator (ACCESS1.3b)', Geoscientific Model Development, vol.8, no.12, pp 3877-3889

Lin Y-S, Medlyn BE, Duursma RA, Prentice IC, Wang H, Baig S, Eamus D, De Dios VR, Mitchell P, Ellsworth DS, De Beeck MO, Wallin G, Uddling J, Tarvainen L, Linderson M-L, Cernusak LA, Nippert JB, Ocheltree TW, Tissue DT, Martin-StPaul NK, Rogers A, Warren JM, De Angelis P, Hikosaka K, Han Q, Onoda Y, Gimeno TE, Barton CVM, Bennie J, Bonal D, Bosc A, Löw M, Macinins-Ng C, Rey A, Rowland L, Setterfield SA, Tausz-Posch S, Zaragoza-Castells J, Broadmeadow MSJ, Drake JE, Freeman M, Ghannoum O, Hutley LB, Kelly JW, Kikuzawa K, Kolari P, Koyama K, Limousin J-M, Meir P, Da Costa ACL, Mikkelsen TN, Salinas N, Sun W, Wingate L, (2015) 'Optimal stomatal behaviour around the world', Nature Climate Change, vol.5, no.5, pp 459-464

Medlyn BE, Zaehle S, De Kauwe MG, Walker AP, Dietze MC, Hanson PJ, Hickler T, Jain AK, Luo Y, Parton W, Prentice IC, Thornton PE, Wang S, Wang Y-P, Weng E, Iversen CM, Mccarthy HR, Warren JM, Oren R, Norby RJ, (2015) 'Using ecosystem experiments to improve vegetation models', Nature Climate Change, vol.5, no.6, pp 528-534

Prentice IC, Liang X, Medlyn BE, Wang YP, (2015) 'Reliable, robust and realistic: the three R's of next-generation land-surface modelling', Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol.15, no.10, pp 5987-6005

Reyer CPO, Brouwers N, Rammig A, Brook BW, Epila J, Grant RF, Holmgren M, Langerwisch F, Leuzinger S, Lucht W, Medlyn B, Pfeifer M, Steinkamp J, Vanderwel MC, Verbeeck H, Villela DM, (2015) 'Forest resilience and tipping points at different spatio-temporal scales: approaches and challenges', Journal of Ecology, vol.103, no.1, pp 5-15

Varhammar A, Wallin G, McLean CM, Dusenge ME, Medlyn BE, Hasper TB, Nsabimana D, Uddling J, (2015) 'Photosynthetic temperature responses of tree species in Rwanda: evidence of pronounced negative effects of high temperature in montane rainforest climax species', New Phytologist, vol.206, no.3, pp 1000-1012

Walker AP, Zaehle S, Medlyn BE, De Kauwe MG, Asao S, Hickler T, Parton W, Ricciuto DM, Wang YP, Warlind D, Norby RJ, (2015) 'Predicting long-term carbon sequestration in response to CO2 enrichment: How and why do current ecosystem models differ?', Global Biogeochemical Cycles, vol.29, no.4, pp 476-495

Warren JM, Jensen AM, Medlyn BE, Norby RJ, Tissue DT, (2015) 'Carbon dioxide stimulation of photosynthesis in Liquidambar styraciflua is not sustained during a 12-year field experiment', AOB Plants, vol.7, Article no.plu074

Zeppel MJB, Harrison SP, Adams HD, Kelley DI, Li G, Tissue DT, Dawson TE, Fensham R, Medlyn BE, Palmer A, West AG, Mcdowell NG, (2015) 'Drought and resprouting plants', New Phytologist, vol.206, no.2, pp 583-589

De Kauwe MG, Medlyn BE, Zaehle S, Walker AP, Dietze MC, Wang Y-P, Luo Y, Jain AK, El-Masri B, Hickler T, Wårlind D, Weng E, Parton WJ, Thornton PE, Wang S, Prentice IC, Asao S, Smith B, McCarthy HR, Iversen CM, Hanson PJ, Warren JM, Oren R, Norby RJ, (2014) 'Where does the carbon go? A model-data intercomparison of vegetation carbon allocation and turnover processes at two temperate forest free-air CO2 enrichment sites', New Phytologist, vol.203, pp 883-899

Duursma RA, Barton CVM, Lin Y-S, Medlyn BE, Eamus D, Tissue DT, Ellsworth DS, McMurtrie RE, (2014) 'The apparent feed-forward response of stomata to vapour pressure deficit in field conditions can be explained by the temperature optimum of photosynthesis', Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol.189-190, pp 2-10

Walker AP, Hanson PJ, De Kauwe MG, Medlyn BE, Zaehle S, Asao A, Dietze M, Hickler T, Huntingford C, Iversen CM, Jain A, Lomas M, Luo Y, McCarthy H, Parton QJ, Prentice IC, Thornton PE, Wang S, Wang Y-P, Wårlind D, Weng E, Warren JM, Woodward FI, Oren R, Norby RJ, (2014) 'Comprehensive ecosystem model-data synthesis using multiple datasets at two temperate forest free-air CO2 enrichment experiments: model performance at ambient CO2 concentration', Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, vol.119, pp  937-964

Zaehle S, Medlyn BE, De Kauwe MG, Walker AP, Dietze MC, Hickler T, Luo Y, Wang Y-P, El-Masri B, Thornton P, Jain A, Wang S, Warlind D, Weng E, Parton W, Iversen CM, Gallet-Budynek A, McCarthy H, Finzi A, Hanson PJ, Prentice IC, Oren R, Norby RJ, (2014). 'Evaluation of 11 terrestrial carbon–nitrogen cycle models against observations from two temperate Free-Air CO2 Enrichment studies', New Phytologist, vol.202, pp 803–822

Ali AA, Medlyn BE, Crous KY, Reich PB, (2013) 'A trait-based ecosystem model analysis suggests intrinsically slow-growing plants are more responsive to rising atmospheric CO2 concentration than fast-growing plants in field conditions', Functional Ecology, vol.27, pp 1011-1022

De Kauwe MG, Medlyn BE, Zaehle S, Walker AP, Dietze MC, Hickler T, Jain AK, Luo Y, Parton WJ, Prentice IC, Smith B, Thornton PE, Wang S, Wang Y-P, Wårlind D, Weng ES, Crous KY, Ellsworth DS, Hanson PJ, Seok-Kim H, Warren JM, Oren R, Norby RJ, (2013) 'Forest water use and water use efficiency at elevated CO2: a model-data intercomparison at two contrasting temperate forest FACE sites', Global Change Biology, vol.19, pp 1759-1779

Medlyn BE, Duursma RA, De Kauwe MG, Prentice IC, (2013) 'The optimal stomatal response to atmospheric CO2 concentration: alternative solutions, alternative interpretations', Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol.182-183, pp 200-203

Zhou S, Duursma RA, Medlyn BE, Kelly JW, Prentice IC, (2013) 'How should we model plant responses to drought? An analysis of stomatal and non-stomatal responses to water stress', Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol.182-183, pp  204-214

Medlyn BE, Duursma RA, Eamus D, Ellsworth DS, Prentice IC, Barton CVM, de Angelis P, Crous KY, Freeman M, Wingate L, (2011) 'Reconciling the optimal and empirical approaches to modelling stomatal conductance', Global Change Biology, vol.17, pp 2134-2144

Medlyn BE, Duursma RA, Zeppel MJB, (2011) 'Forest productivity under climate change: a checklist for evaluating model studies', WIRES Climate Change, vol.2, pp 332-355

Medlyn BE, Pepper DA, O'Grady A, Keith H, (2007) 'Linking leaf and tree water use with an individual-based model',.Tree Physiology, vol.27, pp 1687-1699

Medlyn BE, Berbigier P, Clement R, Grelle A, Loustau D, Linder S, Wingate L, Jarvis PG, Sigurdsson BD, McMurtrie RE, (2005) 'The carbon balance of coniferous forests growing in contrasting climatic conditions: a model-based analysis', Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol.131, pp 97-124

Medlyn BE, Robinson AP, Clement R, McMurtrie RE, (2005) 'On the validation of models of forest GPP and NEE using eddy covariance data: some perils and pitfalls', Tree Physiology, vol.25, pp 839-857

Medlyn BE, Barrett DJ, Landsberg J, Sands P, Clement R, (2003) 'Conversion of canopy intercepted radiation to photosynthate: modelling approaches at regional scales', Functional Plant Biology, vol.30, pp 153-169

Medlyn BE, Dreyer E, Ellsworth DE, Forstreuter M, Harley PC, Kirschbaum MUF, LeRoux X, Loustau D, Montpied P, Strassemeyer J, Walcroft A, Wang KY, (2002) 'Temperature response of parameters of a biochemically-based model of photosynthesis. II. A review of experimental data', Plant, Cell and Environment, vol.25, pp 1167-1179

Medlyn BE, Loustau D, Delzon S, (2002) 'Temperature response of parameters of a biochemically-based model of photosynthesis. I. Seasonal changes in mature maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Ait.)', Plant, Cell and Environment, vol.25, pp 1155-1165

Medlyn BE, Barton CVM, Broadmeadow MSJ, Ceulemans R, de Angelis P, Forstreuter M, Freeman M, Jackson SB, Kellomäki S, Laitat E, Rey A, Roberntz P, Sigurdsson BD, Strassemeyer J, Wang K, Curtis PS, Jarvis PG, (2001) 'Stomatal conductance of European forest species after long-term exposure to elevated [CO2]: a synthesis of experimental data', New Phytologist, vol.149, pp 247-264

Eucalyptus Leaf