Professor Matthias Boer

Matthias BoerProfessor Matthias Boer is director of the NSW Bushfire and Natural Hazards Research Centre. His research interest focuses on the landscape ecology and management of fire-prone environments. He is particularly interested in the biophysical basis for spatial variation in current and future fire regimes, and in the mechanisms and feedbacks by which fire may mediate, reinforce or constrain impacts of changing climate, [CO2] or land use on ecosystem functions and services such as regulation of water and carbon fluxes or biodiversity conservation

Matthias joined the Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment in 2011, after previous research positions with Cemagref in France (2010), The University of Western Australia (2004-2010), the CSIC - Arid Zone Research Station in Spain (1993-1999; 2001-2003), and CSIRO's Centre for Arid Zone Research in Central Australia (1999-2001). Matthias received his PhD in Physical Geography (1999) and his MSc in Physical Geography and Landscape Ecology (1986) from Utrecht University, The Netherlands.

Areas of Research / Teaching Expertise

Bushfires (opens in a new window); Landscape ecology of fire-prone environments; (eco)hydrology of semiarid and arid environments; land degradation and desertification; spatial analysis and simulation modelling.

Awards and Recognition

  • Excellence in Research Impact, Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Vice-President (Research, Enterprise and International) Research Award, with HIE Bushfire Research Group, Western Sydney University, 2023.
  • Eureka Prize for Applied Environmental Research winner with Dr Rachael Nolan and with colleagues from the University of Wollongong, University of Tasmania and University of NSW, 2021.
  • Re-elected unopposed to the Western Sydney University Academic Senate for 2 years from January 2020.
  • Named Theme Research Co-ordinator for the Ecosystem Function and Integration Theme, 2019.

    Regular reviewer for international journals including:
    Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, Ecosystems, Ecography, Frontiers in Ecology and The Environment, Geomorphology, Hydrology and Earth System Science, International Journal of Remote Sensing, International Journal of Wildland Fire, Journal of Arid Environments, Journal of Environmental Management, Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, Journal of Vegetation Science, Land Degradation and Development, Landscape Ecology, Plant and Soil, Remote Sensing of Environment, Water Resources Research.

Grants / Current Projects

Ongoing implementation of a long-term fire and environment monitoring program 
Co-Researcher: Chris Gordan
Partner/Funding Body: NSW Department of Planning and Environment
Period: 2023-2024

Understanding the confluence of Eucalyptus dieback and koala habitat in NSW - Stage 1 
Co-Researchers: Rachael Nolan, Brendan Choat, Ben Moore, Rachael Gallagher, Belinda Medlyn
Partner/Funding Body: NSW Department of Planning and Environment
Period: 2023-2024

Understanding the confluence of Eucalyptus dieback and koala habitat in NSW - literature review 
Co-Researchers: Rachael Nolan, Brendan Choat, Ben Moore, Rachael Gallagher, Belinda Medlyn
Partner/Funding Body: NSW Department of Planning and Environment
Period: 2023-2024

Does fire regime and post rainfall impact fuel recovery following the Black Summer fires?

Co-Researchers: Chris Gordon and Rachael Nolan
Partner/Funding Body: NSW Rural Fire Service 
Period: 2023

NSW North Coast Rainforest - Wildlife reconstruction case studies

Co-Researcher: Chris Gordon
Partner/Funding Body: NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service
Period: 2023

Instantaneous detection of high-risk lightning with pinpoint accuracy

Co-Researchers: Rachael Nolan, Marta Yebra, Colleen Bryant, Geoff Cary
Partner/Funding Body: NSW Smart Sensing Network (NSSN) Grand Challenge
Period: 2022-2023

NSW Smart Sensing Network (NSSN) grand challenge

Co-Researchers: Rachael Nolan, Marta Yebra, Colleen Bryant and Geoff Cary
Partner/funding body: NSW RFS, ACT RFS, Fire Neural Network, ACT Parks and Conservation Service
Period: 2022-2023

Establishment of long-term monitoring program formatting fire response data for flora and fauna

Co-Researcher: Chris Gordon
Partner/funding body: NSW Department of Planning and Environment
Period: 2022

NSW Bushfire and Natural Hazards Research Centre

Co-researchers: Belinda Medlyn, Rachael Gallagher, Rachael Nolan, Ben Smith
Partner/funding body: NSW Department of Planning and Environment
Period: 2022-2026

Physics-aware machine learning for data-driven fire risk prediction
Co-Researchers: Grant Williamson (UTAS), Rachael Nolan, Paul Hurley, David Bowman (UTAS) and Ross Bradstock
Partner/Funding Body: Australian Research Council Discovery
Period: 2022-2024

Lianas in a CO2-rich world
Co-Researchers: Belinda Medlyn and Rachael Gallagher
Partner/Funding Body: The Royal Society [via University of Nottingham]
Period: 2022

Impacts of drought stress on bushfire risk
Co-Researchers: Rachael Nolan, Belinda Medlyn, Brendan Choat and Anne Griebel
Partner/Funding Body: Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources and RedEye Consulting
Period: 2021-2022

Determining the physiological underpinnings of eucalypt dieback in NSW
Co-Researchers: Brendan Choat, Belinda Medlyn, Sebastian Pfautsch, Rachael Nolan, David Tissue, Paul Rymer and Mark Tjoelker
Partner/Funding Body: NSW Environmental Trust
Period: 2021-2024

Improving conservation management of the grey-headed flying-fox
Co-Researchers: Justin Welbergen, Jessica Meade, James Cook and Chris Turbill
Partner/Funding Body: Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources
Period: 2021-2023

The influence of climate change on bushfire fuels in Victoria
Co-Researchers: Mingkai Jiang, Ben Smith, Rachael Nolan, Belinda Medlyn, Assaf Inbar, Owen Price (UoW), Ross Bradstock
Partner/Funding Body: Country Fire Authority
Period: 2021-2024

Cumberland Plain Conservation Plan - Research Strategy and Implementation
Co-Researchers: Paul Rymer, Uffe Nielsen, Rachael Nolan, Elise Pendall, Jeff Powell, Yolima Carrillo, Catriona Macdonald, Ben Moore, Markus Riegler, Neil Perry and Juan Salazar
Partner/Funding Body: NSW Department of Planning, Industry and Environment
Period: 2021-2025

Quantifying forest mortality after record-breaking drought and unprecedented wildfire in Eastern Australia
Co-Researchers: Rachael Nolan, Brendan Choat, Belinda Medlyn and Anne Griebel
Partner/Funding Body: Hermon Slade Foundation
Period: 2020-2022

Bushfire Recovery: Endangered dry sclerophyll woodlands, Sydney basin bioregion
Co-Researchers: Elise Pendall, Paul Rymer and Yolima Carrillo
Partner/Funding Body: Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment
Period: 2020-2021

Forecasting live fuel moisture content, the on/off switch for forest fire
Co-Researchers: Rachael Nolan, Marta Yebra  (ANU), Albert Van Dijk (ANU), Belinda Medlyn, Brendan Choat, Victor Resco De Dios (Lleida), and Luigi Renzullo (ANU)
Partner/Funding Body: Australian Research Council Linkage
Period: 2020-2023

Understanding and mapping how thermal and dietary constraints combine to restrict koala habitat and determine refugia
Co-Researchers: Ben Moore and Chris Turbill
Partner/Funding Body: NSW Office of Environment and Heritage
Period: 2019-2021

Burning for a healthy future: people and their environment. Founding partner of NSW Bushfire Risk Management Research Hub
Co-Researchers: Ross Bradstock (UoW), David Bowman (UTAS), David Keith (UNSW), Brendan Choat, Belinda Medlyn, Mark Tjoelker, and Elise Pendall 
Partner/Funding Body: NSW Government, Department of Environment and Heritage
Period: 2018-2022

Terrestrial Ecosystems Research Network – Cumberland Plain Supersite.
Co-Researchers: David Ellsworth, Elise Pendall and Brendan Choat
Partner/Funding Body: NSW Government, Department of Industry, Research Attraction and Acceleration Program (RAAP)
Period: 2018-2022

From hectares to tailor-made solutions for risk mitigation: systems to deliver effective prescribed burning across Australian ecosystems
Co-Researchers: Ross Bradstock (UTAS), Trent Penman (UMelb), Owen Price (UoW), and Hamish Clarke (UoW)
Partner/Funding Body: Bushfire & Natural Hazards Cooperative Research Centre
Period: 2015-2018

When fire and water mix: do carbon dioxide-related water savings drive woody plant thickening and fire dynamics in a grassy woodland? Co-Researchers: David Ellsworth, Victor Resco de Dios and Ross Bradstock
Partner/Funding Body: Australian Research Council Discovery
Period: 2013-2016

2009 Black Saturday and other large fire events – moisture conditions project
Co-researchers: Víctor Resco De Dios, Ross Bradstock and Gabriele Caccamo
Partner/Funding Body: Bushfire Cooperative Research Centre
Period: 2012-2014

Selected Research Images

In most Australian ecosystems fire is an important ecological disturbance, yet fire regimes vary significantly across the continent. Our research aims at understanding the spatiotemporal variation in fire regimes and the role of fire in moderating effects of global change. Please, see here (opens in a new window) for further details on our bushfire research.

Jarrah Forest, MundaringSpinifex Country, The PilbaraBlue Mountains NSW, as seen from Wentworth Falls area

  • The Jarrah forests of SW Western Australia are among the most flammable in the world – since the 1960s most fires in these forests are prescribed burns
  • Fires affect huge areas of Australia's arid interior. Spinifex country in the Pilbara – Western Australia
  • Fire regimes are shaped by the interplay of climate, weather and topography - dry sclerophyllous forests of the Sydney basin

Selected Publications

Journal Articles - Full listing found here (opens in a new window)

Cunningham CX, Williamson GJ, Nolan RH, Teckentrup L, Boer MM, Bowman DMJS, (2024) 'Pyrogeography in flux: Reorganization of Australian fire regimes in a hotter world', Global Change Biology, vol.30, no.1, Article no.e17130

Griebel A, Boer MM, Blackman C, Choat B, Ellsworth DS, Madden P, Medlyn B, Resco de Dios V, Wujeska-Klause A, Yebra M, Younes Cardenas N, Nolan RH, (2023) 'Specific leaf area and vapour pressure deficit control live fuel moisture content', Functional Ecology, vol.37, no.3, pp 719 - 731

Khanal S, Boer MM, (2023) 'Plot-level estimates of aboveground biomass and soil organic carbon stocks from Nepal's forest inventory', Scientific Data, vol.10, no.1, Article no.406

Khanal S, Nolan RH, Medlyn BE, Boer MM, (2023) 'Mapping soil organic carbon stocks in Nepal's forests', Scientific reports, vol.13, no.1, p 8090

Balaguer-Romano R, Diaz-Sierra R, De Caceres M, Cunill-Camprubi A, Nolan RH, Boer MM, Voltas J, de Dios VR, (2022) 'A semi-mechanistic model for predicting daily variations in species-level live fuel moisture content', Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol.323, Article no.109022

Bendall ER, Bedward M, Boer M, Clarke H, Collins L, Leigh A, Bradstock RA, (2022) 'Changes in the resilience of resprouting juvenile tree populations in temperate forests due to coupled severe drought and fire', Plant Ecology, vol.223, no.7, pp 907-923

Bendall ER, Bedward M, Boer M, Clarke H, Collins L, Leigh A, Bradstock RA, (2022) 'Growth enhancements of elevated atmospheric [CO2] are reduced under drought-like conditions in temperate eucalypts', Functional Ecology, vol.36, no.7, pp 1542-1558

Bendall ER, Bedward M, Boer M, Clarke H, Collins L, Leigh A, Bradstock RA, (2022) 'Mortality and resprouting responses in forest trees driven more by tree and ecosystem characteristics than drought severity and fire frequency', Forest Ecology and Management, vol.509, Article no.120070

Clarke H, Cirulis B, Penman T, Price O, Boer MM, Bradstock R, (2022) 'The 2019-2020 Australian forest fires are a harbinger of decreased prescribed burning effectiveness under rising extreme conditions', Scientific Reports, vol.12, no.1, Article no.11871

Clarke H, Nolan RH, De Dios VR, Bradstock R, Griebel A, Khanal S, Boer MM, (2022) 'Forest fire threatens global carbon sinks and population centres under rising atmospheric water demand', Nature Communications, vol.13, no.1, Article no.7161

Cunliffe AM, Anderson K, Boschetti F, Brazier RE, Graham HA, Myers-Smith IH, Astor T, Boer MM, Calvo LG, Clark PE, Cramer MD, Encinas-Lara MS, Escarzaga SM, Fernandez-Guisuraga JM, Fisher AG, Gdulova K, Gillespie BM, Griebel A, Hanan NP, Hanggito MS, Haselberger S, Havrilla CA, Heilman P, Ji WJ, Karl JW, Kirchhoff M, Kraushaar S, Lyons MB, Marzolff I, Mauritz ME, McIntire CD, Metzen D, Mendez-Barroso LA, Power SC, Prosek J, Sanz-Ablanedo E, Sauer KJ, Schulze-Bruninghoff D, Simova P, Sitch S, Smit JL, Steele CM, Suarez-Seoane S, Vargas SA, Villarreal M, Visser F, Wachendorf M, Wirnsberger H, Wojcikiewicz R, (2022) 'Global application of an unoccupied aerial vehicle photogrammetry protocol for predicting aboveground biomass in non-forest ecosystems', Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation, vol.8, no.1, pp 57-71

de Dios VR, Camprubi AC, Perez-Zanon N, Pena JC, del Castillo EM, Rodrigues M, Yao YN, Yebra M, Vega-Garcia C, Boer MM, (2022) 'Convergence in critical fuel moisture and fire weather thresholds associated with fire activity in the pyroregions of Mediterranean Europe', Science of the Total Environment, vol.806, no.4, Article no.151462

de Dios VR, Yao YN, Camprubi AC, Boer MM, (2022) 'Fire activity as measured by burned area reveals weak effects of ENSO in China', Nature Communications, vol.13, no.1, Article no.4316

Griebel A, Peters JMR, Metzen D, Maier C, Barton CVM, Speckman HN, Boer MM, Nolan RH, Choat B,  Pendall E, (2022) 'Tapping into the physiological responses to mistletoe infection during heat and drought stress', Tree Physiology, vol.42, no.3, pp 523–536

Griebel A, Metzen D, Pendall E, Nolan RH, Clarke H, Renchon AA, Boer MM, (2022) 'Recovery from Severe Mistletoe Infection After Heat- and Drought-Induced Mistletoe Death', Ecosystems, vol.25, pp 1-16

Nimmo DG, Andersen AN, Archibald S, Boer MM, Brotons L, Parr CL, Tingley MW (2022) 'Fire ecology for the 21st century: Conserving biodiversity in the age of megafire', Diversity and Distributions, vol.28, no.3, pp 350-356, Special Issue: SI

Nolan RH, Collins L, Gibson RK, Samson SA, Rolls KT, Milner K, Medlyn BE, Price OF, Griebel A, Choat B, Jiang MK, Boer MM, (2022) 'The carbon cost of the 2019-20 Australian fires varies with fire severity and forest type', Global Ecology and Biogeography, vol.31, no.10, pp 2131-2146

Nolan RH, Foster B, Griebel A, Choat B, Medlyn BE, Yebra M, Younes N, Boer MM, (2022) 'Drought-related leaf functional traits control spatial and temporal dynamics of live fuel moisture content', Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol.319, Article no.108941

Nolan RH, Price OF, Samson SA, Jenkins ME, Rahmani S, Boer MM, (2022) 'Framework for assessing live fine fuel loads and biomass consumption during fire', Forest Ecology and Management, vol.50415, Article no.119830

Pendall E, Hewitt A, Boer MM, Carrillo Y, Glenn NF, Griebel A, Middleton JH, Mumford PJ, Ridgeway P, Rymer PD, Steenbeeke GL, (2022) 'Remarkable Resilience of Forest Structure and Biodiversity Following Fire in the Peri-Urban Bushland of Sydney, Australia', Climate, vol.10, no.6, Article no.86

Zanne AE, Flores-Moreno H, Powell JR, Cornwell WK, Dalling JW, Austin AT, Classen AT, Eggleton P, Okada K-I, Parr CL, Carol AE, Adu-Bredu S, Alam Md A, Alvarez-Garzón C, Apgaua D, Aragón R, Ardon M, Arndt SK, Ashton LA, Barber NA, Beauchêne J, Berg MP, Beringer J, Boer MM, Bonet JA, Bunney K, Burkhardt TJ, Carvalho D, Castillo-Figueroa D, Cernusak LA, Cheesman AW, Cirne-Silva TM, Cleverly JR, Cornelissen JHC, Curran TJ, D’Angioli AM, Dallstream C, Eisenhauer N, Ondo FE, Fajardo A, Fernandez RD, Ferrer A, Fontes MAL, Galatowitsch ML, González G, Gottschall F, Grace PR, Granda E, Griffiths HM, Lara MG, Hasegawa M, Hefting MM, Hinko-Najera N, Hutley LB, Jones J, Kahl A, Karan M, Keuskamp JA, Lardner T, Liddell M, Macfarlane C, Macinnis-Ng C, Mariano RF, Soledad Méndez M, Meyer WS, Mori AS, Moura AS, Northwood M, Ogaya R, Oliveira RS, Orgiazzi A, Pardo J, Peguero G, Penuelas J, Perez LI, Posada JM, Prada CM, Přívětivý T, Prober SM, Prunier J, Quansah GW, de Dios VR, Richter R, Robertson MP, Rocha LF, Rúa MA, Sarmiento C, Silberstein RP, Silva MC, Siqueira FF, Stillwagon MG, Stol J, Taylor MK, Teste FP, Tng DYP, Tucker D, Türke M, Ulyshen MD, Valverde-Barrantes OJ, van den Berg E, van Logtestijn RSP, Ciska Veen GF, Vogel JG, Wardlaw TJ, Wiehl G, Wirth C, Woods MJ, Zalamea P-C, (2022) 'Termite sensitivity to temperature affects global wood decay rates', Science, vol.377, no.6613, pp 1440-1444

Boer MM, De Dios VR, Stefaniak EZ, Bradstock RA, (2021) 'A hydroclimatic model for the distribution of fire on Earth', Environmental Research Communications, vol.3, no.3, Articles no.035001

Nolan RH, Bowman DMJS, Clarke H, Haynes K, Ooi MKJ, Price OF, Williamson GJ, Whittaker J, Bedward M, Boer MM, Cavanagh VI, Collins L, Gibson RK, Griebel A, Jenkins ME, Keith DA, McIlwee, Penman TD, Samson SA, Tozer MG, Bradstock RA, (2021) 'What do the Australian black summer fires signify for the global fire crisis?', Fire, vol.4, no.4, Article no.97

Nolan RH, Gauthey A, Losso A, Medlyn BE, Smith R, Chhajed SS, Fuller K, Song M, Li X, Beaumont LJ, Boer MM, Wright IJ, Choat B, (2021) 'Hydraulic failure and tree size linked with canopy die-back in eucalypt forest during extreme drought', New Phytologist, vol.230, no.4, pp 1354-1365

Resco de Dios V, Cunill Camprubi A, Perez-Zanon N, Pena JC, Martinez del Castillo E, Rodrigues M, Yao Y, Yebra M, Vega-Garcia C, Boer MM, (2021) 'Convergence in critical fuel moisture and fire weather thresholds associated with fire activity in the pyroregions of Mediterranean Europe', Science of the Total Environment, Article no.151462

Resco de Dios V, Hedo J, Cunill Camprubi A, Thapa P, Martinez del Castillo E, Martinez de Aragon J, Bonet JA, Balaguer-Romano R, Diaz-Sierra R, Yebra M, Boer MM, (2021) 'Climate change induced declines in fuel moisture may turn currently fire-free Pyrenean mountain forests into fire-prone ecosystems', Science of the Total Environment, vol.79725, Article no.149104

Boer MM, de Dios VR, Bradstock RA, (2020) 'Unprecedented burn area of Australian mega forest fires', Nature Climate Change, vol.10, no.3, pp 171-172

Bradstock RA, Nolan RH, Collins L, Resco de Dios V, Clarke H, Jenkins M, Kenny B, Boer MM, (2020) 'A broader perspective on the causes and consequences of eastern Australia's 2019-20 season of mega-fires: A response to Adams et al.', Global Change Biology, vol.26, no.7, pp E8-E9

Cirulis B, Clarke H, Boer MM, Penman T, Price O, Bradstock R, (2020) 'Quantification of inter-regional differences in risk mitigation from prescribed burning across multiple management values', International Journal of Wildland Fire, vol.29, no.s 4-5, pp 414-426

Clarke H, Penman T, Boer M, Cary GJ, Fontaine JB, Price O, Bradstock R, (2020) 'The Proximal Drivers of Large Fires: A Pyrogeographic Study', Frontiers in Earth Science, vol.8, Article no.90

de Dios VR, Arteaga C, Peguero-Pina JJ, Sancho-Knapik D, Qin H, Zveushe OK, Sun W, Williams DG, Boer MM, Voltas J, Moreno JM, Tissue DT, Gil-Pelegrin E, (2020) 'Hydraulic and photosynthetic limitations prevail over root non‐structural carbohydrate reserves as drivers of resprouting in two Mediterranean oaks', Plant, Cell and Environment, Vol 43, no.8, pp 1944-1957

Deveautour C, Chieppa J, Nielsen UN, Boer MM, Mitchell C, Horn S, Power SA, Guillen A, Bennett AE,  Powell JR, (2020) 'Biogeography of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal spore traits along an aridity gradient, and responses to experimental rainfall manipulation', Fungal Ecology, vol.46, SI, Article no.UNSP 100899

Griebel A, Metzen D, Boer MM, Barton CVM, Renchon AA, Andrews HM, Pendall E, (2020) 'Using a paired tower approach and remote sensing to assess carbon sequestration and energy distribution in a heterogeneous sclerophyll forest', Science of the Total Environment, vol.699, Article no.133918

Jiang M, Medlyn BE, Drake JE, Duursma RA, Anderson IC, Barton CVM, Boer MM, Carrillo Y, Castaneda-Gomez L, Collins L, Crous KY, De Kauwe MG, dos Santos BM, Emmerson KM, Facey SL, Gherlenda AN, Gimeno TE, Hasegawa S, Johnson SN, Kannaste A, Macdonald CA, Mahmud K, Moore BD, Nazaries L, Neilson EHJ, Nielsen UN, Niinemets U, Noh NJ, Ochoa-Hueso R, Pathare VS, Pendall E, Pihlblad J, Pineiro J, Powell JR, Power SA, Reich PB, Renchon AA, Riegler M, Rinnan R, Rymer PD, Salomon RL, Singh BK, Smith B, Tjoelker MG, Walker JKM, Wujeska-Klause A, Yang JY, Zaehle S, Ellsworth DS, (2020) 'The fate of carbon in a mature forest under carbon dioxide enrichment', Nature, vol.580, no.7802, pp 227-231

Nielsen UN, Stafford-Smith M, Metternicht GI, Ash A, Baumber A, Boer MM, Booth S, Burnside D, Churchill AC, El Hassan M, Friedel MH, Godde CM, Kelly D, Kelly M, Leys JF, McDonald SE, Maru YT, Phelps DG, Ridges M, Simpson G, Traill B, Walker B, Waters CM, Whyte AW, (2020) 'Challenges, solutions and research priorities for sustainable rangelands', Rangeland Journal, vol.42, no.5, pp 359-373

Nolan RH, Blackman CJ, de Dios VR, Choat B, Medlyn BE, Li XM, Bradstock RA, Boer MM, (2020) 'Linking Forest Flammability and Plant Vulnerability to Drought', Forests, vol.11, no.7, Article no.779

Nolan RH, Boer MM, Collins L, de Dios VR, Clarke H, Jenkins M, Kenny B, Bradstock RA, (2020) 'Causes and consequences of eastern Australia's 2019–20 season of mega‐fires', Global Change Biology, vol.26, no.3, pp 1039-1041

Nolan RH, Rahmani S, Samson SA, Simpson-Southward HM, Boer MM, Bradstock RA, (2020) 'Bark attributes determine variation in fire resistance in resprouting tree species', Forest Ecology and Management, vol.474, Article no.118385

Bloomfield KJ, Prentice IC, Cernusak LA, Eamus D, Medlyn BE, Rumman R, Wright IJ, Boer MM, Cale P, Cleverly J, Egerton JJG, Ellsworth DS, Evans BJ, Hayes LS, Hutchinson MF, Liddell MJ, Macfarlane C, Meyer WS, Togashi HF, Wardlaw T, Zhu LL, Atkin OK, (2019) 'The validity of optimal leaf traits modelled on environmental conditions', New Phytologist, vol.221, no.3, pp 1409-1423

Clarke H, Tran B, Boer MM, Price O, Kenny B, Bradstock R, (2019) 'Climate change effects on the frequency, seasonality and interannual variability of suitable prescribed burning weather conditions in south-eastern Australia', Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol.271, pp 148-157

Yebra M, Scortechini G, Badi A, Beget ME, Boer MM, Bradstock R, Chuvieco E, Danson FM, Dennison P, Resco de Dios V, Di Bella CM, Forsyth G, Frost P, Garcia M, Hamdi A, He B, Jolly M, Kraaij T, Martin MP, Mouillot F, Newnham G, Nolan RH, Pellizzaro G, Qi Y, Quan X, Riano D, Roberts D, Sow M, Ustin S, (2019) 'Globe-LFMC, a global plant water status database for vegetation ecophysiology and wildfire applications', Scientific data, vol.6, no.1, p 155

Bloomfield KJ, Cernusak LA, Eamus D, Ellsworth DS, Prentice IC, Wright IJ, Boer MM, Bradford MG, Cale P, Cleverly J, Egerton JJG, Evans BJ, Hayes LS, Hutchinson MF, Liddell MJ, Macfarlane C, Meyer WS, Prober SM, Togashi HF, Wardlaw T, Zhu LL, Atkin OK, (2018) 'A continental-scale assessment of variability in leaf traits: Within species, across sites and between seasons', Functional Ecology, vol.32, no.6, pp 1492-1506

Collins L, Boer MM, de Dios VR, Power SA, Bendall ER, Hasegawa S, Hueso RO, Nevado JP, Bradstock RA, (2018) 'Effects of competition and herbivory over woody seedling growth in a temperate woodland trump the effects of elevated CO2', Oecologia, vol.187, no.3, pp 811-823

Collins L, Bradstock RA, de Dios VR, Duursma RA, Velasco S, Boer MM, (2018) 'Understorey productivity in temperate grassy woodland responds to soil water availability but not to elevated [CO2]', Global Change Biology, vol.24, no.6, pp 2366-2376

Karavani A, Boer MM, Baudena M, Colinas C, Diaz-Sierra R, Peman J, de Luis M, Enriquez-de-Salamanca A, de Dios VR, (2018) 'Fire-induced deforestation in drought-prone Mediterranean forests: drivers and unknowns from leaves to communities', Ecological Monographs, vol.88, no.2, pp 141-169

Maes WH, Huete AR, Avino M, Boer MM, Dehaan R, Pendall E, Griebel A, Steppe K, (2018) 'Can UAV-based infrared thermography be used to study plant-parasite interactions between mistletoe and Eucalypt trees?', Remote Sensing, vol.10, no.12, Article no.2062

Renchon AA, Griebel A, Metzen D, Williams CA, Medlyn B, Duursma RA, Barton CVM, Maier C, Boer MM, Isaac P, Tissue D, de Dios VR, Pendall E, (2018) 'Upside-down fluxes Down Under: CO2 net sink in winter and net source in summer in a temperate evergreen broadleaf forest', Biogeosciences, vol.15, no.12, pp 3703-3716

Pfautsch S, Macfarlane C, Harbusch M, Wesolowski A, Smith R, Boer MM, Tjoelker MG, Reich PB, Adams MA, (2016) ', Vessel diameter and related hydraulic traits of 31 Eucalyptus species arrayed along a gradient of water availability', (accepted 24/02/2016, Ecology)

Boer MM, Nolan RH, De Dios VR, Clarke H, Price OF, Bradstock RA, (2017) 'Changing Weather Extremes Call for Early Warning of Potential for Catastrophic Fire', Earths Future, vol.5, no.12, pp 1196-1202

Boer MM, Bowman DMJS, Murphy BP, Cary GJ, Cochrane MA, Fensham RJ, Krawchuk MA, Price OF, De Dios VR, Williams RJ, Bradstock RA, (2016) 'Future changes in climatic water balance determine potential for transformational shifts in Australian fire regimes', Environmental Research Letters, vol.11, no.6, Article no.065002

Duursma RA, Gimeno TE, Boer MM, Crous KY, Tjoelker MG, Ellsworth DS, (2016) 'Canopy leaf area of a mature evergreen Eucalyptus woodland does not respond to elevated atmospheric [CO2] but tracks water availability', Global Change Biology, vol.22, no.4, pp 1666-1676

Karan M, Liddell M, Prober SM, Arndt S, Beringer J, Boer M, Cleverly J, Eamus D, Grace P, Van Gorsel E, Hero JM, Hutley L, Macfarlane C, Metcalfe D, Meyer W, Pendall E, Sebastian A, Wardlaw T, (2016) 'The Australian SuperSite Network: A continental, long-term terrestrial ecosystem observatory', Science of the Total Environment, vol.568, pp 1263-1274

Nolan RH, Boer MM, de Dios VR, Caccamo G, Bradstock RA, (2016) 'Large-scale, dynamic transformations in fuel moisture drive wildfire activity across southeastern Australia', Geophysical Research Letters, vol.43, no.9, pp 4229-4238

Nolan RH, Resco de Dios V, Boer MM, Caccamo G, Goulden ML, Bradstock RA, (2016) 'Predicting dead fine fuel moisture at regional scales using vapour pressure deficit from MODIS and gridded weather data', Remote Sensing of Environment, vol.174, pp 100-108

Boer MM, Price OF, Bradstock RA, (2015) 'Wildfires: Weigh policy effectiveness', Science, vol.350, p 920

de Dios VR, Fellows AW, Nolan RH, Boer MM, Bradstock RA, Domingo F, Goulden ML, (2015) 'A semi-mechanistic model for predicting the moisture content of fine litter', Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol.203, pp 64-73

Price OF, Penman TD, Bradstock RA, Boer MM, Clarke H, (2015) 'Biogeographical variation in the potential effectiveness of prescribed fire in south-eastern Australia', Journal of Biogeography, vol.42, no.11, pp 2234-2245

Bradstock R, Penman T, Boer M, Price O, Clarke H, (2014) 'Divergent responses of fire to recent warming and drying across south-eastern Australia', Global Change Biology, vol.20, no.5, pp 1412-1428

O'Donnell AJ, Boer MM, McCaw WL, Grierson PF, (2014) 'Scale-dependent thresholds in the dominant controls of wildfire size in semi-arid southwest Australia', Ecosphere, vol.5, no.7, Article no.93

Bowman DMJS, Murphy BP, Boer MM, Bradstock RA, Cary GJ, Cochrane MA, Fensham, Krawchuk MA, Price OF, Williams RJ, (2013) 'Forest fire management, climate change and the risk of catastrophic carbon losses', Frontiers in Ecology and Environment, vol.11, no.2, pp 66-67

Bradshaw CJA, Bowman DMJS, Bond NR, Murphy BP, Moore AD, Fordham DA, Thackway R, Lawes MJ, McCallum H, Gregory SD, Dalal RC, Boer MM, Lynch AJJ, Bradstock RA, Brook BW, Henry BK, Hunt LP, Fisher DO, Hunter D, Johnson CN, Keith DA, Lefroy EC, Penman TD, Meyer WS, Thomson JR, Thornton CM, VanDerWal J, Williams RJ, Keniger L, Specht A, (2013) 'Brave new green world - Consequences of a carbon economy for the conservation of Australian biodiversity', Biological Conservation, vol.161, pp 71-90

Murphy BP, Bradstock RA, Boer MM, Carter J, Cary GJ, Cochrane MA, Fensham RJ, Russell-Smith J, Williamson GJ, Bowman DMJS, (2013) 'Fire regimes of Australia: A pyrogeographic model system', Journal of Biogeography, vol.40, no.6, pp 1048-1058

Resco de Dios V, Díaz-Sierra R, Goulden ML, Barton CVM, Boer MM, Gessler A, Ferrio JP, Pfautsch S, Tissue DT, (2013) 'Woody clockworks: Circadian regulation of night-time water use in Eucalyptus globulus', New Phytologist, vol.200, no.3, pp 743-752

Bradstock RA, Boer MM, Cary GJ, Price OF, Williams RJ, Barrett D, Cook G, Gill AM, Hutley LBW, Keith H, Maier SW, Meyer M, Roxburgh SH, Russell-Smith J, (2012) 'Modelling the potential for prescribed burning to mitigate carbon emissions from wildfires in fire-prone forests of Australia', International Journal of Wildland Fire, vol.21, no.6, pp 629-638

Pekin BK, Boer MM, Wittkuhn RS, Macfarlane C, Grierson PF, (2012) Plant functional traits along environmental gradients in seasonally dry and fire-prone ecosystem', Journal of Vegetation Science, vol.23, no.4, pp 745-754

Pekin BK, Wittkuhn RS, Boer MM, Macfarlane C, Grierson PF, (2012) 'Response of plant species and life form diversity to variable fire histories and biomass in the jarrah forest of south-west Australia', Austral Ecology, vol.37, no.3, pp 330-338

Boer MM, Johnston P, Sadler RJ, (2011) 'Neighbourhood rules make or break spatial scale invariance in a classic model of contagious disturbance', Ecological Complexity, vol.8, no.4, pp 347–356

Faivre N, Roche P, Boer MM, McCaw L, Grierson PF, (2011) 'Characterization of landscape pyrodiversity in Mediterranean ecosystems – contrasts and similarities between south-western Australia and south-eastern France', Landscape Ecology, vol.26, no.4, pp 557-571

O'Donnell AJ, Boer MM, McCaw L, Grierson PF, (2011) 'Climatic anomalies drive wildfire occurrence and extent in semi-arid shrublands and woodlands of southwest Australia', Ecosphere, vol.2, no.11,  Article 127

O'Donnell AJ, Boer MM, McCaw L, Grierson PF, (2011) 'Vegetation and landscape connectivity control wildfire intervals in unmanaged semi-arid shrublands and woodlands in Australia', Journal of Biogeography, vol.38, no.1, pp 112-124

Pekin BK, Wittkuhn RS, Boer MM, Macfarlane C, Grierson PF, (2011) 'Plant functional traits along environmental gradients in seasonally dry and fire-prone ecosystem', Journal of Vegetation Science, vol.22, no.6, pp 1009-1020

Sadler RJ, Hazelton M, Boer MM, Grierson PF, (2010) 'Deriving State-and-Transition Models from an Image Series of Grassland Pattern Dynamics', Ecological Modelling, vol.221, no.3, pp 433-444

O'Donnell A, Cullen LE, McCaw WL, Boer MM, Grierson PF, (2010) 'Dendroecological potential of Callitris preissii for dating historical fires in semi-arid shrublands of southern Western Australia', Dendrochronologia, vol.28, no,1, pp 37-47

Boer MM, Sadler RJ, Wittkuhn R, McCaw L, Grierson PF, (2009) 'Long-term impacts of prescribed burning on regional extent and incidence of wildfires – evidence from fifty years of active fire management in SW Australian forests', Forest Ecology and Management, vol.259, no.1, pp 132-142

Pekin BK, Boer MM, Macfarlane C, Grierson PF, (2009) 'Impacts of increased fire frequency and aridity on eucalypt forest structure, biomass and composition in southwest Australia', Forest Ecology and Management, vol.258, no.9, pp 2136-2142

Boer MM, Sadler RJ, Bradstock R, Gill AM, Grierson PF, (2008) 'Spatial scale invariance of southern Australian forest fires mirrors the scaling behaviour of fire-driving weather events', Landscape Ecology, vol.23, no.8, pp 899-913

Boer MM, Macfarlane C, Norris J, Sadler RJ, Grierson PF, (2008) 'Mapping burned areas and burn severity patterns in SW Australian eucalypt forest using remotely-sensed changes in leaf area index', Remote Sensing of Environment, vol.112, no.12, pp 4358-4369

Contreras S, Boer MM, Alcalá F, Domingo F, García M, Pulido-Bosch A, Puigdefábregas J, (2008) 'An ecohydrological modelling approach for assessing long-term water balances in semiarid karstic landscapes', Journal of Hydrology, vol.351, nos.1-2, pp 42-57

Boer MM, Puigdefábregas J, (2005) 'Effects of spatially-structured vegetation patterns on hillslope erosion rates in semiarid Mediterranean environments: a simulation study', Earth Surface Processes and Land Forms, vol.30, no.2, pp 149-167

Boer MM, Puigdefábregas J, (2005) 'Assessment of dryland condition using remotely sensed anomalies of vegetation index values', International Journal of Remote Sensing, vol.26, no.18, pp 4045-4065

Boer MM, Puigdefábregas J, (2003) 'Predicting potential vegetation index values as a reference for the assessment and monitoring of dryland condition', International Journal of Remote Sensing, vol.24, no.5, pp 1135-1141

Boer MM, Stafford Smith DM, (2003) 'A plant functional approach to the prediction of change in Australian rangeland vegetation under grazing and fire', Journal of Vegetation Science, vol.14, no.3, pp 333-344

Domingo F, Villagarcía L, Boer MM, Alados L, Puigdefabregas J, (2001) 'Evaluating the long-term water balance of arid zone stream bed vegetation using evapotranspiration modelling and hillslope runoff measurements', Journal of Hydrology, vol.243, nos.1-2, pp 17-30

Puigdefábregas J, Solé-Benet A, Gutiérrez L, Del Barrio G, Boer MM, (1999) 'Scales and processes of water and sediment redistribution in drylands: results from the Rambla Honda field site in Southeast Spain', Earth Science Reviews, vol.48, nos.1-2, pp 39-70

Puigdefábregas J, Del Barrio G, Boer MM, Gutiérrez L, Solé-Benet A, (1998) 'Differential responses of hillslope elements to rainfall events in a semi-arid area', Geomorphology, vol.23, nos.2-4, pp 337-351

Boer MM, Del Barrio G, Puigdefábregas J, (1996) 'Mapping soil depth classes in dry Mediterranean areas using terrain attributes derived from a digital elevation model', Geoderma, vol.72, nos.1-2, pp 99-118

Book Chapters

Williams RJ, Bradstock RA, Barrett D, Beringer J,  Boer MM,  Cary GJ,  Cook GD, Gill AM, Hutley LBW, Keith H, Maier SW,  Meyer CP, Price O,  Roxburgh SH, Russell-Smith J, (2011) 'Fire regimes and carbon in Australian  vegetation', in: Bradstock RA, Gill AM, Williams RJ (eds) Flammable Australia: fire regimes, biodiversity and ecosystems in a changing world. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.

Boer MM, Sadler RJ, Grierson PF (2008) 'Objective characterisation of fire regimes for science-based management of fire-prone landscapes', Proceedings of the International Bushfire Research Conference 'Fire, Environment and Society', Adelaide – Australia, 1-3 September 2008, pp 58-70

Boer MM, Norris J, Sadler RJ, Grierson PF (2006) 'Ecologically sustainable management of fire–prone landscapes in southern Australia: a complex systems point of view', in: Viegas DX (Ed.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Forest Fire Research, Figueira Da Foz – Portugal, 27-30 November 2006.

Kirkby MJ, Jones RJA, Irvine B, Gobin A, Govers G, Cerdan O, Van Rompaey AJJ, Le Bissonnais Y, Daroussin J, King D, Montanarella L, Grimm M, Vieillefont V, Puigdefabregas J, Boer MM, Kosmas C, Yassoglou N, Tsara M, Mantel S, Van Lynden GJ, Huting J, (2004) 'Pan-European Soil Erosion Risk Assessment: The PESERA Map, Version 1 October 2003. Explanation of Special Publication Ispra 2004 No.73 (S.P.I.04.73)', European Soil Bureau Research Report No.16, EUR 21176, 18pp. and 1 map in ISO B1format. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.


Boer MM, (1999) 'Assessment of dryland degradation: linking theory and practice through site water balance modelling', Netherlands Geographical Studies 251, KNAG - Utrecht, The Netherlands: 294p.

Eucalyptus Leaf